Teaching Activities, Worksheets, Games
ESL/EFL Matching and Speaking Activity - Elementary - 25 Minutes
This matching activity helps students to remember the capital cities of numerous countries. The class is split into groups of three. Each group is handed a set of cards. The students separate country cards (blue) and capital cards (black) into two piles. The two card piles are then spread out face down on the table. The first student chooses one card from each pile and shows the two cards to the group. The student then makes a sentence using the two cards, e.g. Bangkok is the capital of Thailand. If the statement is true, the student keeps the two cards. If it is not true, the student puts them back in the same place they came from. The students must try to remember the location of the cards in order to win the game. The student who has the most pairs of cards is the winner.
ESL/EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Elementary - 25 Minutes
This worksheet helps students to learn about various countries and nationalities. First, the students have to write the country of each nationality on their worksheet. Then the students separate the nationalities according to their suffixes. This is followed by two pairwork teaching activities. First, one student says a country, and his or her partner says the corresponding nationality. Finally, students pretend to be a different nationality and their partner has to ask questions to find out what nationality their partner is.
ESL/EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Elementary - 35 Minutes
This interesting activity teaches students basic information about countries. The teacher sets the scene and tells the students that they come from a planet called Merth. Merth is made up of many islands. The islands are separated by great oceans. The people from the different island countries have never met each other until today! First, the students have to complete information on a worksheet about their island country, including things like greetings, language, taboos, population, music, laws, etc. When they have completed the information, they go around and meet people from the other countries of Merth. The students complete information about two other countries on their worksheet.
ESL/EFL Listening and Speaking Activity - Elementary - 30 Minutes
This teaching activity has the students assuming the identities of people from different countries in Asia. The activity teaches students information about twelve countries. The students learn about the nationalities, capital cities, presidents/prime ministers, and languages of these countries. Students work in groups of twelve. Six students act as representatives of the various Asian countries. The other students are visitors to the countries. The representatives read an introductory text to each visitor to their country. The visitors must listen for specific information given by the representative in order to answer questions. After that, the representatives ask a series of questions to the visitors about their nationality and identity.
ESL/EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-Intermediate - 25 Minutes
This describing game teaches students to talk about where different things come from. The class is divided up into pairs, and each pair is handed a set of cards. Students then take it in turn to pick up a card. The student who picks up the card tries to explain what is on the card without saying the name. The first sentence must include just the nationality, e.g. “It is Australian." The other student then tries to guess the answer. If they guess correctly, they win points. If they guess incorrectly, the student gives another clue. The cards contain names of famous companies, types of food, animals, etc.
ESL/EFL Writing Activity - Elementary - 20 Minutes
This pairwork teaching activity focuses on the spelling and capital cities of certain countries. Students work in pairs. Each pair is given a worksheet. The students unscramble each word on the worksheet to discover the name of a country. Then, the students write the name of the capital city of that country. They score one point for each correct country and capital city.
More teaching activities for countries and nationalities can be seen on the following pages: