Zero and First Conditional - ESL EFL Activities, Games and Worksheets
What will happen...?
ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Elementary - 30 Minutes
In this imaginative board game, students practice making first (real) conditional sentences. Each time a student lands on a square, they read the words in the square and make a first conditional sentence beginning with 'If...'. They can complete the sentence any way they like, but it must be appropriate, grammatically correct and make sense. The first player to reach the finish is the winner.
What will happen.PDF Exclusive
ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes
This memorable teaching activity combines the topic of Christmas superstitions with the first conditional. Students work in pairs (A and B). Each student is given either a Christmas or New Year worksheet. Each superstition is written as a first conditional sentence and comes with three possible endings (a, b and c). The correct ending is already given. The students have to write in two false endings for each conditional sentence. When they have finished, they quiz their partner and see how many of the superstitions their partner can guess correctly.
Christmas Conditionals.PDF Exclusive
First Conditional Business
Business English Lesson - Pre-intermediate - 1 Hour
This productive Business English lesson can be used to teach university students or adults about the first conditional. To begin, students are taught how to form and use the first (real) conditional. Students then complete a gap fill exercise using the first conditional structure. This is followed by a situational dialogue based on two tables of information. The students have to create a dialogue where they negotiate a production run and a price for a new product using the first conditional. The dialogues are then presented to the class.
First Conditional Business.PDF Exclusive
First Conditional Card Game
ESL EFL Matching and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes
In this entertaining card game, students make first conditional sentences by matching pairs of cards together. Each group of three is given a set of ‘If’ cards and a set of ‘Action’ cards. The 'Action' cards are dealt out and the 'If' cards are placed in a pile on the desk. The first player turns over the top ‘If’ card and makes the beginning of a first conditional sentence using the picture on the card. For example, if the picture showed a person staying up late, the student might say, “If you stay up late…” All the players in the group then look at their action cards and try to find an appropriate match to complete the first conditional sentence. The player with a matching card tries to complete the first conditional sentence, e.g. …you will feel tired the next day. If everyone agrees the sentence is suitable, the player with the matching action card discards both cards by setting the two cards aside. The second player then turns over the next 'If' card and so on. The first player to get rid of all their action cards is the winner. When the students have finished the game, they write down the first conditional sentences their group made by looking at the pairs of cards they set aside. These sentences are read to the class. The students listening to the sentences correct any mistakes they hear and give feedback.
First Conditional Chain
ESL EFL Writing Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes
In this enjoyable writing activity, students create first conditional sentences in a chain format. Students sit in a circle in groups of five or six. The students are told that they are going to practice writing first conditional sentences. Each student is given a worksheet and an 'If Clause' card. The students write their if clause at the top of the worksheet. Each student then passes their paper to the person on the right who completes the second half of the first conditional sentence any way they like. The student then folds the paper and passes it to the student on the right. The next student then uses the second half of the sentence to write the beginning half of a new first conditional sentence. The student then folds the paper and passes it to the person on their right. This process continues until the worksheet is completed. When everyone has finished writing, students correct any mistakes on their worksheet and then read the sentences to their group.
First Conditional Chain.PDF Exclusive
ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes
In this pairwork teaching activity, students complete ‘if’ and ‘result’ clauses to make first conditional sentences. The students are told that they are going to practice the first conditional by playing two games of noughts and crosses. The class is divided into pairs. Each pair is given a copy of the Game 1 worksheet. The worksheet contains a five-by-five grid. Each square on the grid contains an if clause. Students take it in turns to choose a square and make a first conditional sentence by adding a suitable result clause. If a student does this successfully, they draw their O or X symbol in the square. The aim of the game is to be the first student to get five squares in a row either horizontally, vertically, or diagonally. That student is the winner. Pairs then repeat the process with Game 2, but this time the squares contain result clauses. Students have to make a first conditional sentence by adding an appropriate if clause to complete the sentence.
ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 20 Minutes
In this speaking activity, students practice asking questions using the first conditional and answering questions using phrases of probability. The teacher begins by writing probability phrases on the board, e.g. I doubt if, It’s unlikely, will definitely, will probably, etc. The class is then divided into groups of three and each group is given a set of question cards. Students take it in turns to pick up a card and ask the person on their left a first conditional question using the clause on the card. If a student picks up a card with 'If...', they make their own question using the first conditional. If the question is grammatically correct, the student scores a point. The other student then answers the question using a phrase of probability from the board. If the answer is grammatically correct, they also get a point. Then the next student picks up a card and so on. The winner is the student with the highest score at the end of the game.
If and When
ESL EFL Writing Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes
In this group writing activity, students race to complete first conditional sentences and sentences using the future time clause 'when'. The class is divided into small groups and each group is given an incomplete sentence strip. Each group races to complete the first conditional sentence (If or When). As soon as they have written the sentence, one student from the group comes to you with their sentence. If it’s correct, the group gets a point and you give them the second strip and so on. If the sentence is not correct, the group rewrites it. When the time is up, the group with the most correct first conditional sentences wins.
If and When.PDF Free
Zero Conditional Board Game
ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes
Here is an engaging board game to help students practice the zero conditional. Students play in groups of four. The players move their counters along the board. When a player lands on a question square, the student to their right asks them a 'What do you do if...?' question. The player then tries to answer the question appropriately by making a zero conditional sentence. If they do this successfully, they stay on the square. If they make a mistake, they go back to their previous square. The first player to reach the finish wins the game.
Zero Conditional Guessing Game
ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 40 Minutes
In this entertaining game, students practice the zero conditional sentence structure. Students fill in the gaps of 15 zero conditional sentences. They write about their normal reactions to the different situations given in each sentence. After that, the students work with a partner. They take it in turns to read only the part they have written in each sentence. Their partner has to try to guess which sentence it came from.
Zero Conditional Guessing Game.PDF Exclusive