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Future Forms - ESL EFL Teaching Resources

Are you going to ...?

ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Elementary - 35 Minutes

In this intriguing teaching activity, students ask and answer questions about their future plans. Each student is given a copy of the worksheet. The students read each question in the first column on their worksheet and then write a follow-up question using going to in the third column. When everyone has finished writing their follow-up questions, the students are split into pairs. Students ask their partner the questions on their worksheet. When a partner answers yes to a question, the student puts a tick and asks his or her follow-up question. If a partner answers no, the student moves onto the next question. When they have finished interviewing each other, students tell the rest of the class about their partner's future plans.

Are you going to ...?.PDF


Chairs of the Future

ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Elementary - 30 Minutes

For this ESL activity, the teacher puts three chairs in front of the class and labels each chair with the present continuous, going to or will. The students come up one by one, sit on one of the chairs, and make a sentence about the future. The teacher asks concept questions to the student to make they are sitting in the correct chair.

Chairs of the Future.PDF


Find Someone Who - Present Continuous

ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Elementary - 25 Minutes

This engaging speaking task helps you to teach the present continuous for future arrangements. Students ask a range of Are you verb+ing...? questions from a worksheet. Every time a classmate responds with a Yes, I am answer, the student asking the question writes down their name in the corresponding sentence. Then, they ask follow-up questions to gain more information.

Find Someone Who - Present Continuous.PDF


Holiday Plans

ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Elementary - 25 Minutes

Teach your students to ask and answer questions regarding travel plans using going to for plans and will for decisions with this enjoyable speaking exercise. Each student is a given a two-sided card, on one side is a holiday plan and on the other side are two decisions. Students ask each other questions using going to to find out about their partner's travel plans. However, their partner has not finalized their plans yet and replies using will. Students go round the class and ask and answer questions with as many different partners as possible, using their cards as prompts. When the students have spoken to several partners, they exchange cards and repeat the activity.

Holiday Plans.PDF


To be going to

ESL EFL Lesson - Elementary - 1 Hour

This informative three-page lesson is great for teaching the future forms. To begin the lesson, students make sentences about their own future using going to. After that, the students are taught the grammar rules and given examples of the going to structure. This is followed by two writing activities.

To be going to.PDF


What's in the bag?

ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Elementary - 25 Minutes

Here is a simple speaking activity for your students to practice talking about future arrangements using going to. The students sit in a circle and pass a bag around from student to student. The student who receives the bag has to look inside and invents something that could be in the bag. The student who has just passed the bag asks the person with the bag. Why have you got a ... in your bag? This student then has to think of an appropriate reply with I'm going to.... Students are out of the game if they can’t think of an appropriate reason or they take too long to reply.

What's in the bag?.PDF



ESL EFL Lesson - Elementary - 45 Minutes

This comprehensive lesson teaches students how to use the future form will. To start the lesson, there is a grammar explanation with examples. After that, students undertake a matching activity to practice the different functions of will. This is followed by a writing activity.



Will - Predicting the Future

ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Elementary - 25 Minutes

Students practice making and giving predictions with this teaching activity. Students think for a few minutes about their partner's future. Then, they put a tick or cross next to each prediction on their worksheet. If they put a tick, they must write down a reason for the prediction to become true at the bottom of the page. After that, they tell the predictions to their partner. 

Will - Predicting the Future.PDF


A Week in my Country

ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 40 Minutes

In this productive activity, students use the future form to plan and discuss a holiday itinerary. Students work in small groups. They imagine they have invited some English-speaking friends to spend a week in their country. They discuss and decide on a holiday itinerary for themselves and their English-speaking friends. They must complete a plan for the whole week, including where they will go, what they will do and see, what they will eat, etc. When the students have finished, they present their itineraries to the class using the future form.

A Week in my Country.PDF


Cards of the Future

ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 45 Minutes

This enjoyable card game is useful for teaching students how to distinguish between the different future forms. The students are divided into small groups. The groups are given a set of future form cards and question cards. The group members take it in turns to pick up a question card and decide which future form card would be the most suitable match for the question on the card (prediction, decision, future arrangement, etc.). The student then asks questions using the phrase on the question card and the correct future form. When all the question cards have been used up, each group writes three more questions for each future form and gives the nine questions to another group to answer.

Cards of the Future.PDF


Day Tripper

ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes

In this fun exercise, students use the future continuous tense to test each other’s memories about their plans for a day trip. Each student is given a copy of the worksheet. The students look at the teacher's diary for next Saturday. The diary shows a timetable of a planned day trip. The class then tests the teacher's memory of the timetable by asking questions using the future continuous tense. Each student then prepares their own timetable for a day trip next Saturday. After that, the class is split into groups of three or four. The group members swap timetables and ask questions to test each other’s memories using the future continuous tense. The winners are the students who answer all questions correctly.

Day Tripper.PDF


Future Board Game

ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes

Here is an entertaining board game to get your students talking about the future using going to, will, won't and would like to. Students play in small groups of three or four. The players take turns throwing a dice. When they land on a future square, they must speak about the topic for thirty seconds using the correct future form and without stopping. In the event that a player can't come up with anything to say or if they stop talking before the time limit is up, that player has to move back to their original square. The player who gets to the finish square first is the winner.

Future Board Game.PDF

Future Board Game 2

ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes

The link below will take you to an impressive board game that gives students practice at using different future forms. In the game, students ask and answer questions using future forms in order to move along the board. When a player lands on a square, a student asks the player a question. If the player answers with the correct future form, they stay on the square. If the answer is incorrect, the player returns to their original square. The first student to the finish is the winner.

Future Board Game 2.PDF


Going to or Will?

ESL EFL Writing Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes

Teach or review will and going to with this compelling writing task. The activity teaches students how we use will for offers, promises, unplanned decisions, predictions and opinions. It also teaches them that we use going to for plans. Students work individually. Each student is given a gap-fill worksheet. First, students read each sentence and decide what is happening in each sentence, e.g. unplanned decision, an offer, a plan, etc. Then, students have to complete the sentences by using will or going to

Going to or Will.PDF 


Guess what I'm going to do.

ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 20 Minutes

During this teaching activity, students work with a partner. One student chooses a sentence and tells their partner one thing they are going to do to prepare, before they start doing the activity in the chosen sentence. Their partner should try to guess which sentence they are preparing for. If their partner is wrong, the student gives them another clue. When the partner guesses correctly, they switch roles and continue with a new sentence.

Guess what I'm going to do.PDF


Life in the Year 2050

ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 40 Minutes

In this teaching activity, students choose a word or expression of probability to complete a range of statements about life in the year 2050. Students then work in small groups. Group members tell each other what they have written for each statement, giving the reasons for their answers. They discuss any differences of opinion and come to a consensus for each point. After that, each group shares their ideas with the whole class.

Life in the Year 2050.PDF


New Year's Resolutions

ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes

In this practical worksheet, students complete information about their New Year's resolutions using the future form will. Each student is given a worksheet. On the worksheet is a set of questions for them to answer about their New Year's resolution. After completing the questions, students join together in small groups. Students take it in turn to tell their classmates about their New Year's resolution. The other group members listen and try to give advice to them to help them reach their goal.

New Year's Resolutions.PDF


Next Week

ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes

In this communicative speaking task, students make and arrange plans for things to do next week. They arrange times and places to meet for each activity with other members of the class. This activity teaches students to use the present continuous tense to talk about definite arrangements in the future. It also teaches the students language for talking about leisure activities.

Next Week.PDF



ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 45 Minutes

This intriguing teaching activity will teach your students to ask and answer questions about the future. Students practice making predictions about the future using certainty, probability and possibility. To begin, students are put into large groups. Each student has to ask two questions to every group member. Once the students have finished, they work together in smaller groups to make a poster of the information they gathered.




ESL EFL Speaking and Writing Activity - Pre-intermediate - 35 Minutes

If you want to teach your students how to make predictions about their classmates' future, try this fun activity. The students pair up and give their predictions. Every time they talk to another student. They give their prediction. Then, listen and write the other student's prediction. However, they cannot say who the prediction is about. This continues until all the predictions have been heard. After that, the students try to guess who each prediction is for.



Shot in the Dark

ESL EFL Speaking and Writing Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes

In this insightful teaching activity, students make predictions about their classmates using the future perfect and future continuous. Students begin by putting the verbs in each sentence on their worksheet into the future perfect or future continuous tense. After the answers have been checked, students write the name of a classmate at the beginning of each statement that they believe the statement would be true for. The students then mingle and ask and answer questions to find out if their sentences are true or are likely to be true. When they have finished, students share what they found out with the class. The winner is the student who guessed the most correct sentences.

Shot in the Dark.PDF


Talking about the Future

ESL EFL Lesson - Pre-intermediate - 1 Hour

Here is a noteworthy lesson from the British Council. This lesson provides students with free speaking practice discussing various aspects of their future life. The lesson begins with an open discussion to introduce the future forms. Students then match situations to future grammar forms. This helps to introduce the four ways of talking about the future. Students then repeat the discussion using the most appropriate future form. After that, students tell the class about their partner. Finally, there is a grammar auction activity. The entire lesson has detailed teacher's notes and there is a worksheet to copy at the end.

Talking about the Future.PDF


The Long Weekend

ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes

In this teaching activity, students use the present continuous to talk about definite plans in the future. Students also practice making arrangements, inviting, accepting and refusing. Each student is given a copy of the worksheet and told that there is a long weekend coming up. The students choose seven activities to do over the long weekend. The students then write the activities into a calendar on their worksheet. When they have finished, students try to find a partner for each activity. They must also get involved in other activities and try to fill up their calendar. Students walk round the class making arrangements to do activities together. They practice inviting other students to do things together as well as practice accepting and refusing invitations. The student who manages to fill up their entire calendar is the winner. After the students have completed the task, they give some feedback to the class about their plans.

The Long Weekend.PDF


Thinking about the Future

ESL EFL Writing Activity - Pre-intermediate - 10 Minutes

This appealing worksheet is perfect for teaching students how to complete different future form sentences. Students have to complete sentences about their own future and then compare their answers with their classmates.

Thinking about the Future.PDF


You're going to...

ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes

Students mime the actions leading up to something they are going to do with this amusing teaching activity. Students are given mime cards. They mime the actions they would do in preparation for the action marked on the card. However, the students stop just before the action and ask the class What am I going to do? Teams watch the mime and try to guess what the student is going to do.

You're going to ...PDF

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