Monday, 05 December 2016

Second and Third Conditional - ESL EFL Activities, Worksheets and Games

What would you do?

ESL EFL Speaking and Writing Activity - Elementary - 25 Minutes

This supplementary worksheet can be used to teach the second (unreal) conditional to your students. Students begin by writing ten sentences about what they would do in certain situations. Following that, the students are divided into pairs. They ask their partner what they would do in the same situations. Then, they write ten more second conditional sentences based on their partner's answers.

What would you do.PDF  Free 

 

Going Away

ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 40 Minutes

In this writing and speaking activity, students use the second conditional to ask and answer questions about how they would spend their last day at home if they were going away for a year. Each student completes a worksheet with a set of second conditional sentences about what they would do. Then they write questions using the same verbs that are in the sentences. After that, the students work with a partner. They take it in turns to interview each other using the second conditional questions they have prepared on their worksheet. They then write down their partner’s answers on the worksheet using the third person.

Going Away.PDF  Exclusive 

 

I think you'd...

ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes

In this intriguing guessing game, students complete second conditional sentences by guessing real information about their partner. Students then find out if their guesses were right or wrong. The class is divided into pairs. The students complete ten second conditional sentences by trying to guess what their partner would do in each situation. When they have finished, the students take it in turns to read their completed sentences to their partner, who tells them if they have guessed correctly or not. If a sentence is wrong, their partner explains why.

I think you'd.PDF  Free 

 

The Panel

ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes

Here is a captivating activity that helps to teach your students the second conditional. In teams, students play a game where they have to write matching answers about hypothetical situations using the second conditional. Each team consists of a 'contestant' and several 'panel members'. The class is given a hypothetical situation using the second conditional. All the students then write what they would do in the situation. Each panel member scores a point for their team when they have an answer that matches their contestant's answer. The team with the highest number of points at the end of the game is the winner. This activity has been adapted from Hot Seat by James Kealey and Donna Inness.

The Panel.PDF  Free 

 

What would you do if...?

ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes

In this impressive speaking activity, students use the second conditional to talk about various hypothetical situations. Each student is given a role-card. Students stand up and interview their classmates to find out what they would do in each situation. Then, they go back to their desk and write a sentence about each person, e.g. If Alex won the lottery, he would buy a Lamborghini. Students then swap role-cards and continue until everybody has written at least five sentences.

What would you do if.PDF  Exclusive 

 

Would you...?

ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 35 Minutes

In this discussion activity, students practice asking and answering second conditional questions. The class is divided into groups of four and each group is given a set of question cards, which they place, face down in a pile on the desk. Students take it in turns to pick up a card and complete the question in the second conditional. The student then asks the other group members the question on the card. Each group member answers the question in turn and the students discuss their ideas. The student notes down the groups answers on the back of the card. Then the next student picks up a card and so on. When the students have finished, there is a class feedback session. The second conditional questions are checked and each group tells the class about their findings.

Would you.PDF  Exclusive 

 

Characterizations

ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Intermediate - 45 Minutes

In this insightful teaching activity, students practice making present second conditional sentences using the verb to be. Working in small teams, students imagine their classmates as other things, like buildings, colours, flowers, etc. The teams write characterizations about their classmates using unreal conditional sentences, but they leave out the student's name, e.g. If X were a building, she would be a library, because she likes to read. Teams then play a game where they take it in turns to listen to the characterizations imagined by another team and try to identify the student being characterized.

Characterizations.PDF  Exclusive 

Complete the Conditional

ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Intermediate - 35 Minutes

In this productive teaching activity, students practice the third conditional by completing sentences with missing verb phrases. The class is divided into pairs (A and B) and each student is given a corresponding worksheet. The students read through the ten third conditional sentences on their worksheet and think about how they could complete the gaps with verb phrases. A plus sign at the end of the sentence means the verb phrase is positive, and a minus sign means it's negative. When they are ready, Student A starts by saying sentence 1. If Student A says the exact words Student B has in bold, Student B says ‘That’s right’, and Student A writes their answer in the sentence. If not, Student B says ‘Try again’. Student A must then continue to guess until he/she says the exact words Student B has on his/her worksheet. This continues until all the third conditional sentences have been completed. It’s then Student B’s turn to read their sentences to Student A.

Complete the Conditional.PDF  Free 

 

Guess my Sentence

ESL EFL Reading and Speaking Activity - Intermediate - 20 Minutes

Here is a fun guessing game for students who are learning the third conditional. The class is divided into pairs and each student is given the corresponding part of the worksheet. Both students have the same conditional sentences, but where they have words in bold, their partner has gaps and vice versa. The students take it in turns to guess the missing endings of the third conditional sentences. If a student says the exact words that their partner has in bold on their worksheet, the students can move on to the next sentence. If not, the student must continue guessing until they say the exact words. The pair continues like this until all the sentences are complete.

Guess my Sentence.PDF  Exclusive 

 

If we didn't have...

ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Intermediate - 30 Minutes

In this engaging card game, students define things by making second conditional sentences about what life would be like without these items. Students take it in turns to define things in this way and their classmates try to guess what is being defined. The class is divided into groups of three or four and each group is given a set of cards. The students take it in turns to pick up a card and make second conditional sentences about what life would be like without the item on the card. The student defines the item on the card to the rest of the group using structures written on the board and without saying what it is. The student gives up to three definitions. When a student guesses the item correctly, that student keeps the card. If no one manages to guess correctly after three definitions, the student who is defining keeps the card. Therefore, students shouldn't make their definitions too easy to guess. The students play until all the cards have been used. The student with the most cards at the end of the game is the winner.

If we didn't have.PDF  Free 

 

Just Imagine

ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Intermediate - 30 Minutes

In this creative ESL activity, students use the third conditional to write sentences about imaginary or unlikely situations in the past. When they have finished, they pick each other's sentences out of a box. Their task is to find out who wrote each sentence by asking third conditional questions. Each group of four is given a set of unfinished sentence cards. The students deal out the cards and complete the sentences any way they like. All the students then put their completed sentences in a box in the middle of the classroom. Each student takes a card from the box and goes round the class asking third conditional questions to find the person who wrote the sentence. When they find the person, they write the student's name on the card, keep it, and take another card from the box. The students repeat the activity until there are no sentences left. The student with the most sentences at the end of the game is the winner.

Just Imagine.PDF  Free 

 

My Mistake

ESL EFL Reading and Writing Activity - Intermediate - 35 Minutes

In this challenging role-play activity, students practice accepting responsibility for mistakes using the third (past unreal) conditional. The class is split into groups of three or four and each group is given a set of eight clause strips containing third conditional forms. The students have fifteen minutes to prepare a short role-play for the class about a mistake that someone had made. The situation for the role-play is left up to the students. The only rule is that it must include the eight clauses on their strips. When everyone is ready, the groups present their role-plays to the class. When students are presenting, they must hold up the corresponding strip each time they say one of the eight clauses. After each group’s role-play, the students in the audience make third conditional sentences about the group’s story.

My Mistake.PDF  Exclusive 

 

Regrets

ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Intermediate - 45 Minutes

In this inspiring teaching activity, students learn to use the third conditional to create speeches by famous people or characters. Students are divided into small teams.  Each team prepares a number of short invented speeches that famous people or fictitious/mythological characters could have given regretting actions they had done in the past. Teams take turns reading out their speeches. After a team has read out a speech, the other teams try to guess who it could be. Teams receive one point for each correct guess. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins.

Regrets.PDF  Exclusive 

 

Second Conditional Election

ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Intermediate - 45 Minutes

In this fun group activity, students create a political party. They decide on their party's policies by answering ten questions about the environment, education, health, politics, crime and punishment. When each group has completed their ideas, they tell the other groups what they would do if they were elected using the second conditional. As the students are listening to a policy from another group, they comment on the negative consequences of the policy. They continue like this until one group has won each argument. Finally, the class votes to see which party they would like to elect.

Second Conditional Election.PDF  Exclusive 

 

Related Conditional Activities: Zero and First Conditional  /  Mixed Conditionals

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