Mixed Future Forms (will, going to, present continuous) - ESL EFL Activities, Worksheets and Games
Change your Mind
ESL EFL Listening and Speaking Activity - Elementary - 20 Minutes
In this fun speaking activity, students ask questions about future plans using 'going to' and reply with 'will' to make a decision about the plan. Each student is given a card which has two sides. Students hold their card so that the side marked 'Plan' is facing them, and the side marked 'Decision' is facing their partner. The students go round the class and ask and answer questions about their future plans, using their cards as prompts. The student asking the question uses 'going to' to ask about their partner's plan for tomorrow, e.g. Are you going to do some exercise? However, their partner has changed their mind and uses 'will' to make a decision about the plan. The student makes a decision at the moment of speaking by choosing from two prompts, e.g. No, I think I’ll watch a movie. In the activity, students repeat the same question several times, but practice different answers each time they change partner. When the students have spoken to several partners, they exchange cards and repeat the activity. This process is repeated several times so that the students practice asking different questions each time they change cards.
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To be going to
ESL EFL Lesson - Elementary - 1 Hour
This informative three-page lesson is great for teaching students how to use 'going to' for intentions, plans and predictions. To begin the lesson, students are given a grammar explanation and shown examples of how the 'going to' structure is used. After that, the students make sentences about their own future using 'going to' for future plans and intentions. Then, students complete two written exercises practicing the various functions of 'going to'.
To be going to.PDF Exclusive
ESL EFL Writing Activity - Elementary - 30 Minutes
Here is a useful two-page worksheet to help teach students how to use the future form 'will' for predictions, spontaneous decisions, voluntary actions and promises. To start, there is a grammar explanation with examples of the various functions. After that, students undertake a matching activity to practice the different functions of 'will'. This is followed by a writing activity where students practice making decisions.
A Week in my Country
ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 40 Minutes
In this productive activity, students use the future form 'will' to make decisions and discuss a holiday itinerary and 'going to' to talk about their plans. Students work in small groups. The students imagine they have invited some English-speaking friends to spend a week in their country. They discuss and decide on a holiday itinerary for themselves and their English-speaking friends using 'will'. The students then complete a plan for the whole week, including where they will go, what they will do and see, what they will eat, etc. When they have finished, the students present their plans to the class using 'going to'.
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Cards of the Future
ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 45 Minutes
This enjoyable card game is useful for teaching students how to distinguish between the three future forms: will, going to and the present continuous. The students are divided into small groups. The groups are given a set of future form cards and question cards. The group members take it in turns to pick up a question card and decide which future form card (will, going to, present continuous) would be the most suitable match for the question (e.g. a prediction, a decision, a future arrangement, an intention, etc.). The student then asks a question using the phrase on the question card and the correct future form to the other students in the group. When all the question cards have been used, each group writes three new questions for each future form and gives the nine questions to another group to answer.
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Chairs of the Future
ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 20 Minutes
This teaching activity is useful for reviewing the three future forms: present continuous, going to and will. Three chairs are put at the front of the class and labelled with the three future forms. The students come up one by one, sit on one of the chairs, and make a sentence about the future. The student is then asked concept questions to make sure they are sitting in the correct chair. If their answers show they’re sitting in the wrong place, they move to the right chair and make a more suitable sentence
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Future Board Game
ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes
Here is an entertaining board game to get your students talking about the future using going to, will, won't and would like to. Students play in small groups of three or four. The players take turns throwing a dice and moving their counter along the board. When they land on a future square, they must speak about the topic for thirty seconds using the correct future form. In the event that a player can't come up with anything to say, makes a grammar mistake, or if they stop talking before the time limit is up, that player has to move back to their original square. The player who gets to the finish square first wins the game.
Going to or Will?
ESL EFL Writing Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes
This writing activity can be used to teach or review 'going to' and 'will'. The activity helps to teach students how we use 'will' for offers, promises, unplanned decisions, the first conditional, predictions and opinions. It also teaches them that we use 'going to' for future plans. Each student is given a gap-fill worksheet. First, students read each sentence and decide what is happening, e.g. an unplanned decision, a future plan, an offer, etc. Then, the students complete the sentences using 'going to' or 'will'. An answer key is provided.
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Race to the Top
ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes
This entertaining board game is ideal for reviewing future forms. The class is divided into groups of three or four. Each group is given a copy of the game board, a dice and counters. Students take it in turns to roll the dice and move their counter along the board. When a student lands on a question square, they answer the question using an appropriate future form. Students must give detailed answers and form sentences. Short answers are not allowed. If a student lands on a square with a question mark, the student asks the other students a question about the future, which they answer in turn. The other students in the group judge whether the answer or question is grammatically correct. If it is, the student stays on the square. If a student makes a mistake or cannot think of an answer (or question), they go back to their previous square. The first student to reach the finish square wins the game.
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What does the future hold?
ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes
This speaking activity is ideal for reviewing future forms and their functions. This activity covers ‘will’ for predictions, ‘going to’ for future plans and intentions, ‘present continuous’ for definite arrangements as well as the future perfect, future continuous and ‘would like’. In the activity, students practice asking and answering questions using different future forms. Each student is given a copy of the worksheet. Students begin by changing the sentences on their worksheet into questions. Students then move around the classroom asking and answering their questions and completing their worksheets. When a student finds someone who answers positively to one of their questions, they write down that person's name and ask follow-up questions from the worksheet. Then they move on to speak to another student. When everyone has finished, the teacher elicits which future form was used in each question and why. After that, the students give feedback to the rest of the class on what they found out about their classmates.