Relative Clauses and Pronouns - ESL EFL Activities, Worksheets and Games
Fold Your Arms
ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes
In this amusing card game, students define pictures of objects, people, places, and times using defining relative clauses. The class is divided into groups of three (Student A, B and C) and each group is given a set of picture cards. Student A picks up the top card, looks at the picture, places the card face down, and folds his/her arms. Student A then defines the object, person, place or time to Student B using relative clauses. Student B must try to guess the word Student A is describing. Students are not allowed to say the name of the object, person, place or time in any way. They must also keep their arms folded when they are defining the words. This is to stop students from trying to mime the word they are describing. If Student B guesses correctly, Student A gives him/her the card. If Student B doesn't know the word, Student C tries to guess. If neither student can guess the word, the card goes back to the bottom of the pile. Students continue taking turns defining the pictures on the cards until there are no cards left in the pile. The student who collects the most cards by the end of the game is the winner.
Fold Your Arms.PDF Exclusive
I didn't know that!
ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 35 Minutes
In this entertaining activity, students write imaginary information about their classmates using non-defining relative clauses with ‘who’. The students begin by writing down the names of everyone in the class or group in the first column of their worksheet. The students then sit in a circle. They fold their worksheet so only the ‘Relative clauses’ column is showing. The students complete the first relative clause any way they like. Then they give the paper to the person on their right. The students complete the next relative clause and pass the paper to the person on their right. This procedure is repeated until all the relative clauses have been completed. After that, the students do the same with the ‘Verb phrases’ column. When they have finished, the students open out their completed worksheet and read the sentences. The students are then divided into small groups. They take it in turns to read out their sentences and the other students try to change the sentences to make them true.
I didn't know that.PDF Exclusive
Relative Clause Bingo
ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes
Here is a captivating game to help students practice defining relative clauses. In the activity, students play a game of Bingo by describing words using defining relative clauses. The class is divided into groups of four. Each student is given a Bingo card and each group is given a set of word cards. The word cards are placed face down in a pile. The first player takes the top word card and gives a definition of the person, place, or thing on the card using a defining relative clause, e.g. A person who..., A place where..., or Something that/which... The other players in the group try to guess the word. When the group has guessed the word correctly, those players who have the word on their Bingo card cross it out. The second player then takes the next word card and gives a definition, and so on. The first player to cross out all his or her words wins the game.
Relative Clause Bingo.PDF Exclusive
Relative Clauses Crossword
ESL EFL Writing, Listening and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 40 Minutes
In this fun crossword activity, students practice describing words using defining relative clauses, beginning with who, that, which, or where. After reviewing defining relative clauses, the class is divided into two groups (A and B) and each student is given a corresponding worksheet. Both groups have the same crossword, but Group A has the words across and Group B has the words down. Their task is to write definitions for the words using defining relative clauses. Working together, the students write down definitions for the words on their crossword. When they have finished writing, the students pair up with someone from the other group. Students then take it in turns to ask their partner for a definition to one of their missing words by asking, e.g. What’s 1 down? Their partner then defines the word that appears on their half of the crossword to their partner using a defining relative clause. The other student then tries to guess the word. If the student guesses the word successfully, they write in the missing word on their crossword. If not, the other student continues to give more clues until their partner is able to guess the word. When the students have finished, they compare their answers.
Relative Clauses Crossword.PDF Exclusive
The Relative Chain Game
ESL EFL Reading, Writing, Matching and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes
In this amusing group activity, students play a card game where they extend a sentence with defining and non-defining relative clauses to make the longest sentence possible. Each group is given a set of relative pronoun cards and a set of picture cards. Four relative pronoun cards and four picture cards are dealt to each player. The rest of the cards are placed face down in two piles. The first player chooses one of their picture cards and places it face up on the table. The player then begins a sentence about the picture. For example, 'My father...' The next player must then choose an appropriate relative pronoun card or picture card to continue the sentence. If the player puts down a relative pronoun card (e.g. who), the next player must put down a picture card (e.g. pilot) and say the next part of the sentence. For example, 'My father, who is a pilot,...' If the player puts down a picture card (e.g. school), he/she must say the next part of the sentence. For example, 'My father works in a school'. The next player must then put down an appropriate relative pronoun card to extend the sentence, e.g. 'My father works in a school, where...' The players take it in turns to extend the sentence by adding a clause with a picture card or adding an appropriate relative pronoun. Players write the sentence down as they go, e.g. 'My father, who is a pilot, works in Singapore, where he met my mother, who owns a shop, which sells cats, etc.' When a player has completed their turn, they pick up another card from one of the piles. The game ends when no-one can go and there are no more cards left to pick up. The groups then read out their sentences to the class. The group with the longest grammatically correct sentence wins.
The Relative Chain Game.PDF Exclusive
What's the word?
ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes
Here is a fun guessing game to help students practice using defining relative clauses. The class is divided into groups of three or four and each group is given a set of word cards. The cards are placed in a pile, face down on the desk. The students take it in turns to pick up a card and give a definition of the word on the card using a defining relative clause, e g. It's a place where people read books (library). The first student to guess the word keeps the card. The winner is the student with the most cards at the end of the game.
What's the word.PDF Free
Who, Which, When, Where
ESL EFL Writing, Listening and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 35 Minutes
In this intriguing group activity, students practice describing people, things, places and times using defining and non-defining relative clauses. Students begin by reviewing relative pronouns (who, which, when, where) and how they are used in relative clauses. Each student is then given a worksheet. Students write two items for each category (who, which, when, where) on their sheet. The students then write definitions of the items they listed on their sheet using defining and non-defining relative clauses. Next, the class is divided into groups of four. The students take it in turns to describe one of their items using defining and non-defining relative clauses. The student continues saying sentences until another student in the group guesses the item. The student describing the word must write the name of the person who guessed correctly on their worksheet. When the students have finished, they add up how many times each person's name appears on their sheet. The student who guessed the most items wins.
ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 40 Minutes
In this engaging teaching activity, students play a game where they guess which definition is correct, but first they have to invent false definitions for words using defining relative clauses. The class is divided into an even number of teams. Half the teams are given a copy of the Team A worksheet and half the teams a copy of the Team B worksheet. The worksheets contain correct definitions for words using defining relative clauses for people, places and things. The students work with the people in their team to come up with two false definitions for each word. When the teams have finished writing false definitions, each Team A pairs up with a Team B. Teams then take it in turns to read out one of their words and the three possible definitions. The opposing team discusses and then tries to guess the correct one. Teams score one point for each correct answer. The team with the highest score at the end of the game is the winner.
Word Bluff.PDF Free