Countries and Nationalities - ESL Worksheets, Activities and Games

Countries and Capital Cities Game

ESL Countries and Capital Cities Game - Reading, Matching and Speaking Activity - Elementary (A1-A2) - 25 minutes

Here are two free country and capital city card games that students can play to learn the names of countries and their capital cities. The students begin by playing a pelmanism game where they match countries and capital cities together. Give each group of three a set of country cards and capital city cards, which they spread out face down on the table in two sets. Students then take it in turns to turn over a country card and a capital city card. If the two cards match, the student makes a sentence using the two cards, e.g. 'Bangkok is the capital city of Thailand'. The student then keeps the cards and has another turn. If the cards do not match, the student turns them back over, keeping the cards in the same place. The student with the most cards at the end of the game is the winner. Next, the students play a game where they race against each other to match capital cities to countries. One student takes the country cards, shuffles them and places them in a pile face down. The other two students take the capital city cards, shuffle them and spread them out face up on the table. The student with the country cards picks up a card from the pile and reads out the country on the card to the two students. The two students then race to find the corresponding capital city card and give it to the student, saying the name of the capital city at the same time. The first student to do this wins and keeps the two cards. The student with the most cards at the end of the game wins. Afterwards, students swap roles and play again.
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Countries and Nationalities Worksheet

ESL Countries and Nationalities Worksheet - Writing and Speaking Activity - Elementary (A1-A2) - 25 minutes

This printable countries and nationalities worksheet helps students to learn and practice the names of countries and corresponding nationalities. Give each student a copy of the worksheet. Working alone, students write the nationality for each country in a chart on the worksheet. Students then move on to categorize the nationalities according to their suffixes. After that, divide the students into pairs. Have one student in each pair turn over their worksheet. The other student then tests their partner on the countries and nationalities. If the student says a country, their partner replies with the corresponding nationality. If the student says a nationality, their partner replies with the country. When the students have finished, they swap roles and repeat the activity. Finally, students take it in turns to imagine they are from a country on the worksheet and their partner asks yes/no questions with the verb 'to be' to find out which country they are from.
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Countries and Nationalities Interactive Worksheet

ESL Countries and Nationalities Interactive Worksheet - Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking Exercises - Elementary (A1-A2) - 25 minutes

This is an interactive PDF version of the above worksheet for people teaching English online. In the interactive worksheet, students complete a range of online exercises to learn countries and nationalities.
 

Countries, Nationalities and Flags Worksheet

ESL Countries and Nationalities Worksheet - Reading, Writing and Spelling Activity - Elementary (A1-A2) - 20 minutes

Here is a printable countries worksheet to help students practice countries, nationalities and flags. Give each student a copy of the worksheet. Working alone, students complete each sentence on the worksheet by writing the name of the country each nationality comes from. When the students have finished, review the answers with the class. Students score one point for each correct country and one point for each correct spelling. The students then write the country they think each flag on the worksheet belongs to, scoring one point for each correct answer. The student with the most points wins.
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Countries, Nationalities and Flags Interactive Worksheet

ESL Countries and Nationalities Interactive Worksheet - Reading, Writing and Spelling Exercise - Elementary (A1-A2) - 20 minutes

Here is an interactive PDF version of the above worksheet for people who teach English online. In the interactive worksheet, students complete an online exercise to learn about countries, nationalities and flags.
 

Nice to meet you

ESL Countries Role-Play - Listening, Speaking and Writing Activity - Elementary (A1-A2) - 30 minutes

In this insightful countries role-play activity, students take on the identity of someone from another country to practice introductions and to learn about traditional names, countries and national languages. Give each student an identity card and a copy of the worksheet. Students take on the identity of the person on their card and go around the class making introductions. The students find out one another's name, country and national language and complete the worksheet with the information. When the students have finished, they give feedback to the class on the people they met during the activity.
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Scrambled Countries Worksheet

ESL Countries and Capital Cities Worksheet - Writing and Spelling Activity - Elementary (A1-A2) - 20 minutes

This printable countries and capital cities worksheet helps students practice countries, capital cities and their spelling. Give each pair of students a copy of the worksheet. Working together, the students unscramble words on the worksheet to form the names of countries and then write the name of each country's capital city. Afterwards, elicit the answers from the class. Students score one point for each correct country, capital city and spelling. The pair with the most points wins.
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Scrambled Countries Interactive Worksheet

ESL Countries and Capital Cities Interactive Worksheet - Writing and Spelling Exercise - Elementary (A1-A2) - 20 minutes

Here is an interactive PDF version of the above worksheet for English teachers working online. In the interactive worksheet, students do an online exercise to practice countries, capital cities and their spelling.
 

Where do I come from?

ESL Countries Game - Listening and Speaking Activity - Elementary (A1-A2) - 25 minutes

In this rewarding countries game, students listen to clues and guess which country someone comes from. This activity covers countries, continents, currencies and capital cities. Give each group of three a set of cards, which they shuffle and place face down in a pile on the desk. Students then take it in turns to pick up a card and use the information on the card to make three sentences about where they come from. The sentences give clues to the continent, currency and capital city of the country, e.g. 'I come from a country in Europe'. The first group member to guess where the student comes from wins and keeps the card. If the group members don't guess the answer, the student gives additional clues about the country. The student with the most cards at the end of the game wins.
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Countries and Nationalities Bingo

ESL Countries and Nationalities Game - Listening, Matching and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 20 minutes

Here is a free countries and nationalities bingo game for pre-intermediate students. Give each student a bingo card. Call out nationalities at random from the caller's sheet. If the students have the corresponding country on their bingo card, they cross it out. When a student has crossed out all nine countries, they shout 'Bingo'. When a student shouts 'Bingo', the student says the countries on their card and the corresponding nationalities. If the countries and nationalities are correct, the student wins the round. If not, the game continues. Play several rounds with students receiving a different bingo card each time. As an alternative or extension, students play the game amongst themselves in groups of five with group members taking it in turns to be the bingo caller.
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Countries Crossword - Printable Version

ESL Countries Crossword Activity - Writing, Listening and Speaking - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 35 minutes

In this engaging countries classroom activity, students complete a crossword by describing and guessing different countries. Divide the students into two groups (A and B) and give each student a corresponding worksheet. Both groups have the same crossword, but Group A has the words down and Group B has the words across. Working together, the students invent and write down clues for the countries written on their crossword. The clues cover things like the geographical location of the country, what the country is famous for, what the capital city is called, etc. When the students have finished writing, they pair up with someone from the other group. The students then take it in turns to ask their partner for a clue to one of their missing words, e.g. 'What's 3 across?' Their partner reads out the clue for that word and the other student tries to guess the name of the country. If the student guesses the country successfully, they write it on their crossword. If not, their partner continues to give more clues until the student is able to guess the country. When the students have finished, they check their spelling by comparing crosswords.
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Countries Interactive Crossword

ESL Countries Interactive Breakout Room Activity - Writing, Listening and Speaking - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 35 minutes

This is an interactive PDF version of the above activity for English teachers who are working online. In the breakout room activity, students describe and guess different countries in order to complete a crossword.
 

Countries Word Search

ESL Countries Worksheet - Reading, Matching and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 30 minutes

In this entertaining countries worksheet, students find countries in a word search and then play a game where they make sentences about the countries. Give each student a copy of the worksheet. The students look for the 24 countries shown on the worksheet in the word search and tick the words off as they go. Afterwards, divide the students into teams of four. Call out a country at random from the word search. The first student to put up their hand and make an appropriate sentence about the country scores a point for their team. Students can make a sentence about anything related to the country, such as the geographical location, capital city, what the country is famous for, what the country produces, etc. The game continues until all the countries have been used. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins.
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Find Someone Who...

ESL Countries and Nationalities Activity - Writing, Listening and Speaking - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 25 minutes

Here is a free countries and nationalities 'Find someone who...' activity for pre-intermediate students. Give each student a copy of the worksheet. The students begin by going through the items on the worksheet and reviewing the yes/no questions they need to ask in order to do the activity, e.g. 'Did you visit two countries last year?' Students then go around the class, asking each other the questions. When a student finds someone who answers 'yes' to a question, the student writes down their name and asks a follow-up question to gain more information, noting down the answer in the last column. When everyone has finished, students give feedback to the class on what they found out.
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Invent a Country

ESL Country Information Activity - Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 40 minutes

In this intriguing country information activity, students invent a new country and then ask questions to find out information about countries that other students have created. Divide the students into pairs and give each student a copy of the worksheet. Tell the students to imagine that they come from a planet called Olympus. Explain that Olympus is made up of many islands and the islands are separated by a great ocean. The people from the different island countries have never met each other until today! The students then begin by inventing information about the country they come from, such as the name of the country, nationality, language, how people greet each other, etc. Students write the information down in a chart on the worksheet. When the students have finished, they write questions in order to find out information about the other countries. After the questions have been checked, students stand up and go around meeting people from the other countries of Olympus. Students ask and answer the questions and complete the chart with information about two other countries. Afterwards, there is a class feedback session to find out about the various countries of Olympus.
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Let's go East

ESL Asian Countries Role-Play Activity - Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 35 minutes

In this rewarding countries role-play activity, students ask and answer questions in order to find out factual information about 12 Asian countries. Divide the students into groups of 12. Give six students a representative's worksheet each. These students take on the roles of representatives for different Asian countries. Give the other six students a visitor card. These students take on the roles of visitors to the representatives' countries. The visitors are from other countries in Asia. The representatives go and sit in different parts of the classroom. The visitors then go to visit the representative of the first country on their card. The representative from that country reads an introductory text on the worksheet to the visitor. The visitor listens for specific information in order to answer questions on their visitor card. The information they need to listen for includes the nationality of the people, capital city, geographical location and facts about the country. After the introductory text has been read out, the representative asks a series of questions to the visitor about the country they come from. The visitor uses the information on their card to answer the representative's questions. The representative listens and completes the worksheet with their answers. The visitors then repeat the process with the second country on their card. Afterwards, the students swap roles and repeat the activity. When everyone has finished, there is a class feedback session to see what the students learnt and to go through the answers.
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My Home Country Worksheet

ESL Countries Worksheet - Reading and Writing Activity - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 40 minutes

In this printable countries worksheet, students read a presentation about Canada, identify descriptive language and use the language to create a presentation about their home country. Give each student a copy of the two-page worksheet. The students begin by reading Sabrina's presentation on Canada. The students then answer comprehension questions about Sabrina's presentation. After that, students answer similar questions about their own country. Next, students create a presentation about their home country using the information from the previous exercise and Sabrina's presentation as an example. Finally, students take it in turns to present their home country to the class.
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My Home Country Interactive Worksheet

ESL Countries Interactive Worksheet - Reading and Writing Exercises - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 40 minutes

This is an interactive PDF version of the above worksheet for online English teachers. The interactive worksheet contains a variety of online exercises to help students learn descriptive language related to country information and use the language to create a presentation about their home country.
 

Origin

ESL Countries Game - Listening and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 25 minutes

In this engaging countries game, students describe things that come from different countries. Give each pair of students a set of cards, which they shuffle and place face down in a pile on the table. The cards show things countries are famous for, such as types of food, animals, sports, company names, products, etc. The students take it in turns to pick up a card and give clues about what is on the card to their partner. The first clue must be about the nationality of the thing being described, e.g. 'It is Australian'. Their partner then tries to guess the answer. If they guess correctly the first time, they score five points. If they guess incorrectly, the student gives another clue for four points and so on. All the way down to zero when the answer is revealed. The game continues until all the cards have been used. The student with the most points at the end of the game is the winner.
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A New Country

ESL Country Information Activity - Writing, Listening and Speaking - Intermediate (A2-B1) - 30 minutes

In this free country information activity, students create a new country made up of the best qualities and features from other countries. Give each pair of students a copy of the worksheet. Working with their partner, students begin by deciding on a name for their country. Students then complete their country's information, such as the climate, food, culture, people, environment, standard of living, etc. When the students have finished writing, pairs take it in turns to present their country to the class. Afterwards, there is a class feedback session to see which countries the students liked the most and why.
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Countries Information Gap

ESL Country Information Activity - Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking - Intermediate (B1) - 25 minutes

In this countries information gap activity, students ask and answer questions about countries in order to complete missing information in a chart. Divide the students into pairs (A and B) and give each student a corresponding worksheet. The students take it in turns to ask and answer questions about each country on the worksheet and complete the missing information in their chart. The questions cover size, capital cities, population, climate, natural resources and interesting facts. When the students have finished, they compare charts to check their answers. Afterwards, review each country's information and related vocabulary with the class.
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