Sunday, 22 October 2017

Modal Verbs of Obligation and Prohibition - ESL EFL Activities, Worksheets and Games

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David's Day

ESL EFL Reading and Writing Activity - Elementary - 20 Minutes

This worksheet activity helps to teach students how to express obligation with 'have to' and 'has to'. Each student is given a copy of the worksheet. The students write sentences about what David has to do today by looking at items on his desk and using verbs and nouns in a box to write sentences with 'has to'. When the students have finished writing, the answers are checked with the class. Afterwards, the students write a short paragraph about what they have to do today using 'have to'. The students then read their paragraphs to the class and feedback is given.

David's Day.PDF  Free 

 

The Modal Hotel

ESL EFL Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking Activity - Elementary - 35 Minutes

In this intriguing worksheet activity, students use modal verbs of obligation and prohibition to make rules for guests and staff in a hotel. The students are divided into groups of three and each student is given a copy of the worksheet. The students are told that they have taken over the management of a hotel and that they are going to decide what rules to have in the hotel for guests and staff. In their groups, students use the prompts in the first column of the table on the worksheet to create a set of rules. Students write the rules in the second column using modal verbs of obligation and prohibition. Groups also think of extra rules for guests and staff and write them in the 'Other rules' box. When the students have finished writing, each group joins with another group and compares rules, taking note of rules which are the same and different. If one group doesn’t agree with another group's rule, they try to persuade the other group to change it. Finally, the groups explain their rules to the class and the class tries to agree on one set of rules for the hotel.

The Modal Hotel.PDF  Free 

 

Who has to do what?

ESL EFL Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking Activity - Elementary - 25 Minutes

This fun worksheet activity can be used to help students practice have to, has to, don’t have to, and doesn’t have to for obligation. The class is divided into pairs (A and B) and each student is given a corresponding worksheet. The students begin by asking each other questions to find out which person on their worksheet has to do which household chore, e.g. 'Does Ethan have to clean the house?' The students complete a table with the answers. When the students have found out who does each household chore, they complete sentences with the correct form of 'have to'. After that, students decide who said different statements about what they have to do. Finally, students write about the household chores they have to do and then tell their partner about them.

Who has to do what.PDF  Exclusive 

 

Class Contracts

ESL EFL Reading and Writing Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes

In this light-hearted worksheet activity, students use modal verbs of obligation and prohibition to write an imaginary contract for their teacher. The students are divided into groups of three and each group is given a copy of the worksheet. The students read through a student contract on the worksheet and the use of modal verbs of obligation and prohibition in the contract are highlighted by the teacher. The students then write a teacher contract about all the rules and regulations they think you should follow. The contract shouldn't be too serious. Instead, the students are encouraged to create an amusing or imaginative set of rules. When everyone has finished, each group reads out their teacher contract to the class. After each group has presented, you and the group members sign the contract.

Class Contracts.PDF  Exclusive 

 

How to...

ESL EFL Reading and Writing Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes

In this intriguing activity, students complete sentences expressing obligation for 'How to...' topics and then use the sentences in a guessing game. The students are divided into pairs. Each pair is given six 'How to...' cards, containing modal verbs of obligation, e.g. 'You must...', 'You should...', etc. The students think of six 'How to...' topics and complete six sentences, expressing obligation for each topic. When the students have finished writing, the pairs take it in turns to read out their sentences to another pair. The other pair has to guess the 'How to...' topic from the expressions of obligation. For each correct guess, pairs score one point. The pair with the most points wins the game. Afterwards, each pair reads one set of sentences to the class and they try to guess the 'How to...' topic.

How to.PDF  Exclusive 

 

It's the Law

ESL EFL Reading, Listening and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes

Here is an intriguing teaching activity to help students practice the modal verbs 'can' for permission and 'can't' for prohibition. In the activity, students discuss British laws and guess the ages people can and can't do certain things. Each pair of students is given a copy of the worksheet. The pairs discuss the British laws on the worksheet, choose one age for each law, and circle it. When the students have finished, each pair joins with another pair to make a group of four. Each group discusses the British laws and reaches a consensus about the ages people can and can't do the things shown on the worksheet. Afterwards, groups give their answers and the correct age for each law is revealed to the class. The students then discuss which laws surprised them the most. Finally, the groups compare the list of British laws on the worksheet with the laws in their home country.

It's the Law.PDF  Exclusive 

 

Job Descriptions

ESL EFL Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes

In this engaging teaching activity, students play a game where they guess jobs from clues that contain expressions of obligation and prohibition (must, mustn't, have to, don't have to). There are six clues for each job. The first clue is quite difficult and the last clue is very easy. The students are divided into pairs. Each pair is given a set of clue cards, which they shuffle and place face down in a pile on the desk. One student goes first and picks up the top card from the pile. The student then reads out the first clue on the card to their partner. Their partner listens to the clue and guesses what the job could be. If the guess is incorrect, the student reads the next clue and so on. If their partner correctly guesses the job, he or she gets the number of points indicated next to the clue. The two students then swap roles. This continues until all the cards have been used. The student with the most points at the end of the game wins. Afterwards, each pair thinks of a job and creates their own clues using expressions of obligation and prohibition. The pairs then read their clues to the class for them to guess.

Job Descriptions.PDF  Free 

 

Obligation Game

ESL EFL Reading and Writing Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes

In this enjoyable activity, students play a game where they practice modal verbs of obligation by making sentences about what people must do or be if they want to be successful in a particular job. The class is divided into teams of three and the name of a job is written on the board, e.g. athlete. The teams have five minutes to write down as many 'You must...' sentences, expressing things people must do or be if they want to be successful in that particular kind of work, e.g. 'You must train every day'. When the time limit has been reached, the teams swap papers for marking. For each grammatically correct and appropriate sentence, teams score a point. Further rounds are played with different jobs and other modal verbs and expressions of obligation. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins.

Obligation Game.PDF  Exclusive 

 

Perfect People

ESL EFL Writing, Listening and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes

In this insightful worksheet activity, students write and discuss how they would like people to behave in a perfect world using the modal verbs 'must' for obligation and 'mustn't' for prohibition. Each student is given a copy of the worksheet. Working alone, students complete sentences about how they would like different people to behave using 'must' and 'mustn't'. When everyone has finished writing, the students discuss and compare their answers in groups. The students then discuss what qualities each person on the worksheet should have. Afterwards, the groups give feedback to the class on their findings.

Perfect People.PDF  Free 

 

School Rules

ESL EFL Matching and Writing Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes

In this useful worksheet activity, students practice modal verbs and expressions of obligation and prohibition by joining sentence parts together to make a set of school rules. The class is divided into pairs and each pair is given a copy of the worksheet. Each sentence on the worksheet has been split into three parts. In their pairs, students join the three parts of each sentence together to make a school rule. Students then write the sentence on a separate piece of paper. The first pair to complete all the sentences correctly is the winner. Afterwards, the correct answers are checked with the class.

School Rules.PDF  Free 

 

Should Survey

ESL EFL Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes

In this engaging worksheet activity, students practice asking and answering yes/no questions with 'should'. This activity can be used to practice the modal verbs 'should' and 'shouldn't' for mild obligation and giving opinions. Each student is given a copy of the worksheet. Students go through the items on the worksheet and form the yes/no questions they need to ask in order to do the activity, e.g. 'Should people eat meat?' The students then move around the classroom asking yes/no questions and completing their worksheets with yes or no answers, depending on whether the item on the worksheet is affirmative or negative. When a classmate responds appropriately, the student writes their name in the 'Name' column on the worksheet and asks a follow-up question to gain more information, e.g. 'Why do you think people shouldn't eat meat?' When everyone has finished, the students give feedback to the class on what they found out.

Should Survey.PDF  Exclusive 

 

Ten Rules for English Class

ESL EFL Reading, Writing and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 35 Minutes

In this useful worksheet activity, students use modal verbs of obligation and prohibition to write ten rules for studying in English class. The students are divided into pairs and each pair is given a copy of the worksheet. Working in their pairs, students write ten rules for studying in English class using modal verbs of obligation and prohibition. Students also explain the reason for each rule. When the students have finished writing, they take it in turns to read out their rules to the class and feedback is given. Afterwards, the students work together as a class to come up with a list of ten rules that they all agree on.

Ten Rules for English Class.PDF  Exclusive 

 

What do you think?

ESL EFL Reading, Listening and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes

In this insightful worksheet activity, students decide and discuss how strongly they agree or disagree with statements containing modal verbs and expressions of obligation. The students are divided into pairs and each student is given a copy of the worksheet. The students begin by deciding how strongly they agree or disagree with ten statements on the worksheet. Working alone, the students read each statement and circle a number in the column marked 'You' to show how strongly they agree or disagree. When the students have finished, they write their partner's name in the last column and guess his or her opinion about each statement. Students then compare and justify their answers with their partner and see how many guesses they got right. When everyone has finished, the students tell the class how many guesses were correct and discuss any differences of opinion.

What do you think.PDF  Exclusive 

 

When you were young...

ESL EFL Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes

This rewarding worksheet activity helps to teach students how to express obligation in the past with 'had to' and 'didn't have to'. In the activity, students ask and answer questions about what they were obligated to do when they were children. Each student is given a copy of the worksheet. The students begin by turning each statement on the worksheet into a question, e.g. 'When you were young, did you have to go to school by bus?' Students also create two more questions of their own at the bottom of the worksheet. When the students have finished, they go around the class asking one another their questions. When a student finds someone who answers 'Yes, I did' to a question made from a positive statement, they write that person’s name in the second column. If the question is about a negative statement, the student needs to find someone who answers 'No, I didn't'. When a student writes down someone's name, they ask a follow-up question to gain more information and write the answer in the last column of the worksheet. Afterwards, the students give feedback to the class on what they found out using 'had to' and 'didn't have to'. Any interesting findings are then discussed in more detail.

When you were young.PDF  Exclusive 

 

Where is it?.

ESL EFL Writing, Listening and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes

In this creative teaching activity, students play a guessing game where they describe places and situations using modal verbs and expressions of obligation and prohibition. The students are divided into pairs and each pair is given a card. Students describe the place or situation on their card by writing five sentences with modal verbs and expressions of obligation and prohibition, e.g. must, should, have to, etc. When everyone has finished writing, pairs take it in turns to read their sentences to the class. The class then tries to guess the place or situation described by each pair.

Where is it.PDF  Exclusive 

 

When you were a child

ESL EFL Writing, Listening and Speaking Activity - Intermediate - 25 Minutes

In this engaging teaching activity, students ask and answer questions about what they were and weren’t allowed to do and had to do when they were a child. This activity can be used to practice permission, obligation and prohibition in the past. The students are divided into groups of up to 12 and each student is given a card. The students' task is to find out the answer to the question on their card by speaking to everybody in the group. Each student then prepares the question they need to ask, e.g. 'Were you allowed to watch TV at night when you were a child?' The students then go around their group finding out about what their classmates were and weren’t allowed to do and had to do when they were a child by asking questions with 'Were you allowed to...?' and 'Did you have to...?' Students put a tick or cross on the back of the card each time a classmate answers yes or no. When everyone has finished, the students sit down in their groups and take it in turns to talk about the information they found out. Each student writes about the group's findings. When everyone has finished, the groups take it in turns to report back to the class on what they found out during the activity.

When you were a child.PDF  Free 

 

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