# First Conditional Worksheets, Games and ESL Activities

### ESL First Conditional Game - Matching and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 30 minutes

In this free first conditional activity, students play a game where they make conditional sentences by matching pairs of picture cards together. Give each group of three a set of 'If' cards and a set of 'Result' cards. The students deal out the 'Result' cards and place the 'If' cards in a pile on the desk. The first player turns over the top 'If' card and makes the beginning of a first conditional sentence using the picture on the card. For example, if the picture showed a person staying up late, the student might say, "If you stay up late,…" All the players in the group then look at their result cards and try to find an appropriate match to complete the first conditional sentence. The player with a matching card then completes the sentence, e.g. '…you will feel tired the next day'. If everyone agrees the sentence is suitable, the player keeps both cards and puts them aside. The second player then turns over the next 'If' card and so on. The first player to get rid of all their result cards wins the game. When the students have finished the game, they write down the first conditional sentences their group made by looking at the pairs of cards they set aside. The students then read the sentences to the class who listen, correct any mistakes they hear and give feedback.

### ESL First Conditional Worksheet - Reading and Writing Activity - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 20 minutes

This first conditional worksheet helps to introduce the first conditional structure to elementary students. Give each student a copy of the worksheet. Working alone, students complete first conditional sentences in a story with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. When the students have completed the story, check the answers with the class by eliciting each sentence in turn from a student. Students score one point for each correct sentence. The student with the most points wins.

### ESL First Conditional Worksheet - Reading and Writing Activity - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 25 minutes

This useful first conditional worksheet helps to teach students how to talk about possible things that might happen in the future. Give each student a copy of the two-page worksheet. The students begin by reading through the introduction about how to form and use the first conditional. Working alone, the students then practice the structure by completing the first conditional sentences in the first exercise. Students then move on to match first conditional sentence halves together and write out the complete sentences. Next, students complete a set of first conditional sentences with their own ideas. Afterwards, students answer some first conditional questions and create one more question of their own. In pairs, the students then ask and answer the questions with their partner. Finally, review the students' answers and the first conditional as a class.

### ESL First Conditional Game - Reading and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 30 minutes

In this fun first conditional game, students complete 'if' and 'result' clauses to make first conditional sentences. Divide the students into pairs. Give each pair a copy of the first game board. Students then take it in turns to choose an 'If' clause square and make a first conditional sentence by adding a suitable result clause. If a student does this successfully, they draw their O or X symbol in the square. If not, play passes to the other student. The aim of the game is to be the first student to get five squares in a row either horizontally, vertically, or diagonally. The first student to do this is the winner. Pairs then repeat the process with the second game board, but this time the squares contain result clauses. The students' task this time is to make a first conditional sentence by adding an appropriate 'if' clause to complete the sentence. For lower-level classes, students can play in small teams or in competing pairs.

### ESL First Conditional Activity - Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 35 minutes

In this first conditional worksheet activity, students play a guessing game to practice the structure. Divide the students into two groups (A and B) and give each student a corresponding worksheet. The students complete the endings of the first conditional sentences on their worksheet with their own ideas. Student As complete the odd-numbered sentences and Student Bs complete the even-numbered sentences. When the students have completed their sentences, they pair up with someone from the other group. The students then play a game where they guess the endings of the first conditional sentences their partner wrote. Student B starts and tries to guess the ending of the first sentence. Student B has five chances to guess the exact words. If Student B guesses right the first time, they score five points. If the guess is wrong, they try again for four points, then for three points, etc. Then, it's Student A's turn to guess the second sentence and so on. This process continues back and forth until all the sentences have been used. The student with the highest score at the end of the game wins.

### ESL First Conditional Board Game - Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 25 minutes

In this engaging first conditional board game, students practice making conditional sentences using the structure. Give each group of three or four a copy of the game board, a dice and counters. Students take it in turns to roll the dice and move their counter along the board. When a student lands on a square, they read the prompt and make a first conditional sentence beginning with 'If...' Students can finish the sentence any way they like, but it must contain the words in the square, be appropriate and grammatically correct. If a student lands on a square marked 'IF', they can make any first conditional sentence they like. If a student forms the sentence correctly, they stay on the square. If not, the student must go back to their previous square. The first student to reach the finish wins the game.

### ESL First Conditional Activity - Reading and Writing - Low intermediate (B1) - 25 minutes

In this first conditional activity, students create conditional sentences in a chain format. Students sit in a circle in groups of five or six. Give each student a worksheet and an 'If Clause' card. The students write their 'If' clause at the top of the worksheet. Each student then passes their paper to the person on their right who completes the second half of the first conditional sentence any way they like. The student then folds the paper so the 'If' clause cannot be seen and passes the paper to the student on their right. The next student uses the second half of the sentence to write the beginning half of a new first conditional sentence. The student then folds the paper to hide the last sentence and passes it to the person on their right. This process continues until the worksheet is completed. When everyone has finished writing, students correct any mistakes on their worksheet and then read the sentences to their group. Students then choose the best set of sentences from their group and read them to the class.

### ESL First Conditional Activity - Reading and Matching - Low intermediate (B1) - 25 minutes

This rewarding first conditional dominoes game is ideal for reviewing first conditional sentence structures. Give each group of three a set of dominoes. The students shuffle the dominoes and deal out five each, leaving the rest in a pile face down. The students then turn over the top domino from the pile and place it face up on the table. The first player tries to make a first conditional sentence by placing a domino down either before or after the domino on the table. If the player can make a sentence, they read it to the group to show the match is correct. The next player then tries to put down one of their dominoes at either end of the domino chain and so on. If a player cannot put down one of their dominoes, they take a domino from the top of the pile and put it down if they can. If there are no dominoes left in the pile, play passes to the next student. The first player to get rid of all their dominoes wins the game.

### ESL First Conditional Worksheet - Reading and Writing and Activity - Intermediate (B1) - 30 minutes

In this free first conditional worksheet, students practice giving advice using the first conditional with 'will' and other modal verbs. Give each student a copy of the two-page worksheet. Students begin by reading through the introduction about how to form and use the first conditional. The students then complete first conditional sentences about giving advice with words from a box. Next, students put words in the correct order to make first conditional sentences about giving advice, adding punctuation and capitalization where needed. Students then read an email to an advice columnist and underline the 'if' clauses and double underline the clauses with a future meaning. Finally, students take on the role of the advice columnist and write a response to the email, giving advice using the first conditional. Students then read their reply to a partner who says whether they agree with the advice given or not. Afterwards, there is a class feedback session to hear the students' advice and discuss who gave the best response.

### Business English First Conditional Worksheet - Reading, Writing and Speaking Activity - Intermediate (B1) - 45 minutes

This productive first conditional worksheet activity can be used with Business English students or adults. Give each student a copy of the two-page worksheet. Students begin by reading how to use and form the first conditional. Students then complete a gap fill exercise using the first conditional structure. Next, divide the students into pairs. Together, the students create a situational dialogue where they negotiate a production run and unit cost for a new product using the first conditional. Finally, the students present their dialogues to the class.

### ESL First Conditional Worksheet - Reading, Matching, Writing and Speaking Activity - Intermediate (B1) - 30 minutes

In this first conditional worksheet activity, students identify different ways of using the first conditional and practice using it in two conversations. Divide the students into pairs (A and B) and give each student a corresponding worksheet. The students begin by reading first conditional sentences and matching them with the way the first conditional is used. The students then put a conversation that uses the first conditional in the correct order by reading the sentences to their partner and numbering them. When each pair has finished, they read the conversation to you. If the students have made any mistakes, they repeat the activity until the conversation is correct. The pairs then move on to create their own dialogue using the first conditional. They can use the same first sentence from the previous conversation or write their own. You can also have a contest to see which pair can include the most first conditional sentences in their dialogue. Finally, the students read their dialogues to the class.

In this first conditional activity, students play a game where they ask conditional questions and answer with phrases of probability. Begin by writing probability phrases on the board, e.g. I doubt if, It’s unlikely, will definitely, will probably, etc. Give each group of three a set of 'If clause' cards. Students take it in turns to pick up a card. The student with the card then asks the person on their right a first conditional question using the clause on the card. If the student picks up an 'If...' card, they create their own first conditional question. If the question is grammatically correct, the student scores a point. The other student then answers the question using a phrase of probability from the board. If the answer is grammatically correct, the student also gets a point. Then, the next student picks up a card and so on. The student with the highest score at the end of the game is the winner.

### ESL First Conditional Game - Reading and Writing Activity - Intermediate (B1) - 25 minutes

In this free first conditional game, students race to complete conditional sentences and sentences containing the future time clause 'when'. Divide the students into teams of three or four. Set a time limit and give each team an incomplete sentence strip. Teams then race to complete the first sentence, making sure the sentence is logical and grammatically correct. As soon as a team has completed the sentence, one student from the team comes to you with the strip. If it’s correct, the team gets a point and you give the student the second strip and so on. If a sentence is incorrect, the team has to rewrite it. When the time limit has been reached, the students stop writing. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins.

### ESL First Conditional Activity - Reading, Writing and Speaking - Upper-intermediate (B2) - 30 minutes

This festive first conditional worksheet activity combines the topic of Christmas and New Year superstitions with the first conditional. Divide the students into two groups (A and B) and give each student a corresponding worksheet. On the worksheets, each Christmas and New Year superstition is written as a first conditional sentence and comes with three possible endings (a, b and c). The correct ending is already written on the worksheet. The students' task is to work together with the people in their group to write two false endings for each conditional sentence. When the students have finished writing, they pair up with someone from the other group. The students then take it in turns to quiz their partner by reading each superstition and all three endings. Their partner has to guess which ending is correct. The student with the most correct guesses in each pair wins.