Friday, 21 July 2017

Past Perfect - ESL EFL Activities, Worksheets and Games

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Explanations

ESL EFL Reading and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes

Here is an amusing speaking game to help students practice the past perfect tense. The class is divided into groups of four. Each group is given a set of situation cards, which they shuffle and place face down in a pile on the desk. Students then take it in turns to pick up a card and read the sentence aloud to the rest of the group, e.g. 'I slept in my car all night'. The other students have to each come up with an explanation for the situation using the past perfect, e.g. 'I slept in my car all night, because the car had broken down and I was miles from home'. Each explanation the students give must be different. Students receive one point for each believable explanation they can come up with. Then the next student picks up a card and so on. This continues until all the cards have been used. The student with the highest number of points at the end of the game wins.

Explanations.PDF  Exclusive 

 

I wish and If only

ESL EFL Reading and Writing Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes

In this teaching activity, students play a game where they use 'I wish' and 'If only' + 'the past perfect' to express regrets about health problems. The class is divided into teams of three. A health problem is read out to the class (e.g. 'I've got a toothache'.) and a time limit of two minutes is set. The teams then write down as many regrets as they can for the ailment using 'I wish' and 'If only' + 'the past perfect'. For example, 'I wish I hadn’t eaten so many sweets'. 'If only I had gone to the dentist more often', etc. When the time limit has been reached, the teams stop writing and swap their paper with another team for marking. Teams score one point for each appropriate regret in the past perfect. The scores are written on the board and the next health problem is read out, and so on. The team with the highest score at the end of the game is the winner.

I wish and If only.PDF  Exclusive 

 

Past Perfect Party

ESL EFL Reading and Writing Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes

In this productive worksheet activity, students write emails describing a series of events in the past simple and past perfect. Each student is given a copy of the worksheet. The students read through a scenario about a disastrous party. The students then match problems that happened at the party with explanations of what happened. After the students have done that, they write an email about the party using the past simple to talk about the problems and the past perfect to explain what happened. When everyone has finished, the students read their emails to the class. Afterwards, students use the past simple and past perfect to write a reply to the email, detailing the unfortunate events that happened to someone else. Finally, the students read their completed emails to the class and feedback is given.

Past Perfect Party.PDF  Exclusive 

 

Truth Seekers

ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes

This enticing speaking activity teaches students to use the past perfect to ask and answer questions about their experiences of growing up. To start, each student is given a worksheet. Students match activities to pictures and then write the activity below each picture. Students then put a cross through one activity in each category. After that, the students are paired off. Students take it in turns to ask and answer questions using the past perfect to talk about their experiences of growing up. They do this by talking about the activities on their worksheet. When their partner asks about the activities that are crossed out, students lie about their experiences. When talking about experiences that are not crossed out, they tell the truth. Students have to ask follow-up questions to find out if their partner is telling the truth or lying.

Truth Seekers.PDF  Exclusive 

 

What had happened?

ESL EFL Reading, Writing, Matching and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 35 Minutes

In this pairwork activity, students complete and match sentence halves to make past perfect sentences. The students are divided into pairs and each pair is given a set of number cards. Each card contains the first part of a sentence. The students look at the beginning of each sentence and think about what had happened and how the sentence might be continued using the past perfect. Students do this orally or by writing their ideas on a piece of paper. Afterwards, the students give their ideas and the teacher checks their use of the past perfect. Each pair is then given a set of letter cards. Each card contains the second part of one of the sentences. Students complete the second half of each sentence with the past perfect and match it to one of the first halves. When everyone has finished, the correct answers are checked with the class.

What had happened.PDF  Exclusive 

 

Why did you say that?

ESL EFL Writing Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes

For this teaching activity, students have to write appropriate explanations for different situations using the past perfect tense. All of the situations begin with the phrase: Why did you say...? E.g. Why did you say ‘I'm sorry’ to your friend? Students then write an explanation for saying this using the past perfect, e.g. I had forgotten her birthday. When all the explanations have been written down, students work with a partner. They take it in turns to read one of their explanations. Their partner tries to match it to the correct situation. Students are awarded one point for each correct match.

Why did you say that.PDF  Free 

 

Fact or Fiction

ESL EFL Reading, Writing and Speaking Activity - Intermediate - 40 Minutes

In this creative worksheet activity, students write realistic and imaginative explanations for situations using the past perfect tense. Each pair of students is given a copy of the worksheet. The students write two explanations for each situation on their worksheet - a realistic explanation (Fact) and an imaginative explanation (Fiction). When everyone has finished writing, the class votes for the most realistic and imaginative explanations. The teacher reads out the first situation from the worksheet, i.e. 'I walked into class, but I didn’t recognize anyone'. The pairs then take it in turns to read their ‘Fact’ explanation to the class using the past perfect, e.g. 'You had walked into the wrong class'. The class then votes for the most realistic explanation and one point is awarded to the winning pair. The pairs then read out their 'Fiction' explanations, e.g. 'You had lost your memory'. Again, the class votes for the best one. This process continues with the second situation and so on. The pair with the highest number of points at the end of the activity is the winner.

Fact or Fiction.PDF  Free 

 

The Other Half

ESL EFL Writing and Matching Activity - Intermediate - 30 Minutes

In this teaching activity, students use the past perfect simple to write and match sentences. Each student is given a copy of the first worksheet. On the worksheet are 15 incomplete past perfect sentences. Students think about how the sentences might be continued. Then, they complete the sentences in their own way using the past perfect tense. Next, the students are divided into pairs (A and B) and given the second worksheet. Student A reads the first part of each sentence to Student B. Student B tries to find and then reads the other half of the sentence. When they both agree the two halves match, they mark it and move onto the next sentence. When everyone has finished, the answers are checked. Finally, the students check how many sentences were the same as what they wrote on the first worksheet. 

The Other Half.PDF  Free 

 

Puzzled

ESL EFL Reading and Speaking Activity - Intermediate - 25 Minutes

In this group activity, students practice the past perfect by listening to puzzles and asking yes/no questions in order to work out the solutions. The students are divided into groups of four and each group is given a set of puzzles. The students take it in turns to read out a puzzle for the other members of the group to solve. The other group members ask yes/no questions to the student in order to work out the solution to the puzzle. When they have found the solution, another member of the group reads out a new puzzle and so on. This continues until all the puzzles have been solved.

Puzzled.PDF  Exclusive 

 

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