Saturday, 23 September 2017

Future Forms - will, going to, present continuous - ESL EFL Activities, Worksheets and Games

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Change your mind

ESL EFL Listening and Speaking Activity - Elementary - 20 Minutes

In this fun speaking activity, students ask about future plans using 'going to' and make spontaneous decisions with 'will'. Each student is given a card. Students hold their card so that the side marked 'Plan' is facing them and the side marked 'Decision' is facing away. The students go round the class and ask and answer questions about their future plans using their cards as prompts. When a student asks the question on their card, their partner uses 'will' to make a spontaneous decision about the plan by choosing from two prompts. In the activity, students repeat the same question several times, but practice making different decisions each time they change partner. When the students have spoken to several partners, they exchange cards and repeat the activity. This is repeated several times so the students practice asking different questions each time they change cards.

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Going to

ESL EFL Reading and Writing Activity - Elementary - 1 Hour

This informative three-page lesson is great for teaching students how to use 'going to' for future plans, intentions and predictions. To begin the lesson, students are given a grammar explanation and shown examples of how the 'going to' structure is used. The students then make sentences about their own future using 'going to' for future plans and intentions. The students then work in groups of four and read their sentences to each other. After that, students complete a dialogue to practice the 'going to' structure. Finally, students practice making predictions based on present evidence.

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Going to or Will?

ESL EFL Reading and Writing Activity - Elementary - 20 Minutes

This worksheet activity helps to teach students how we use 'going to' for future plans and 'will' for offers, promises, unplanned decisions and predictions. Each student is given a copy of the worksheet. First, students decide what is happening in each sentence, i.e. a future plan, an unplanned decision, an offer, a promise or a prediction. Students then complete the sentences with 'will' or 'be going to', plus the verb in brackets. Afterwards, the function of the future form in each sentence and answers are checked with the class.

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Will

ESL EFL Reading, Writing and Speaking Activity - Elementary - 35 Minutes

Here is a useful two-page worksheet activity to help teach students how to use the future form 'will' for predictions, spontaneous decisions, offers and promises. Each student is given a copy of the two worksheets. The students begin by reading through a grammar explanation and examples of how the modal verb 'will' is used. Students then make decisions, promises and offers for eight situations on their worksheet. Afterwards, students complete two matching activities to practice the functions of 'will'. The students are then divided into pairs. The pairs discuss ten predictions using useful language from a box on their worksheet. Finally, there is a class feedback session where the students say which predictions they think will come true.

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A Week in my Country

ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 40 Minutes

In this insightful worksheet activity, students use the future form 'will' to make decisions and discuss a holiday itinerary. Afterwards, the students present their planned itinerary to the class using 'going to'. The class is divided into groups of three or four and each group is given a copy of the worksheet. The students imagine they have invited some friends to spend a week in their country. Each group discusses and decides on a holiday itinerary for themselves and their visiting friends using 'will'. Students then write their plans in the itinerary on their worksheet using 'going to'. When the students have finished, the groups present their planned itineraries to the class and the students vote for the best one.

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Cards of the Future

ESL EFL Reading and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 40 Minutes

In this enjoyable card game, students practice asking and answering 'Wh' and yes/no questions about the future using the present continuous, going to and will. Each group of three or four is given a set of future form cards and question prompt cards. The future form cards are placed face up on the table and the question prompt cards are shuffled and placed face down in a pile. Students take it in turns to pick up a question prompt card and decide which future form would be the most suitable match for the question on the card (e.g. a prediction, a decision, an arrangement, etc.). The student then uses the future form and prompt to ask a 'Wh' or yes/no question to the other students. If the student forms the question correctly, he or she wins a point. The other students then reply using the appropriate future form. For each suitable response, the students also win a point. The question card is then placed under the future form card and it's the next students turn to ask a question. The student with the most points at the end of the game wins.

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Chairs of the Future

ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 15 Minutes

This speaking activity is useful for reviewing the three future forms: present continuous, going to and will. Three chairs are put at the front of the class and labelled with the three future forms. The students come up one by one, sit on one of the chairs, and make an appropriate sentence. The student is then asked concept questions to make sure they are sitting in the correct chair. If the student's answers show they’re sitting in the wrong place, they move to another chair and make a more suitable sentence.

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Future Board Game

ESL EFL Reading and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes

Here is an entertaining board game to get your students talking about the future using the present continuous, going to, will, won't and would like to. Each group of three or four is given a copy of the game board, a dice and counters. Students take it in turns to roll the dice and move their counter along the board. When a student lands on a square, they have to talk about the topic on the square for 30 seconds using the correct future form. If a student can’t think of anything to say, makes a grammar mistake, or stops talking before the 30 seconds are up, they must go back to their previous square. The first student to reach the finish wins the game.

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Race to the Top

ESL EFL Reading and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes

This engaging board game activity is ideal for reviewing future forms. The class is divided into groups of three or four. Each group is given a copy of the game board, a dice and counters. Players take it in turns to roll the dice and move their counter along the board. When a player lands on a square, they answer the question using an appropriate future form. Players must give detailed answers and form sentences. Short answers are not allowed. If a player lands on a square containing a question mark, the player asks the other students in the group a question about the future, which they each answer in turn. The other students in the group judge whether the player's answer or question is grammatically correct. If it is, the player stays on the square. If a player makes a mistake or cannot think of an answer or question, they go back to their previous square. The first player to reach the finish square wins the game.

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What does the future hold?

ESL EFL Reading, Writing and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes

This compelling worksheet activity is ideal for reviewing future forms and their functions. This activity covers 'will' for predictions, 'going to' for future plans and intentions, present continuous for definite arrangements as well as the future perfect, future continuous and 'would like'. In the activity, students practice asking and answering questions using a variety of future forms. Each student is given a copy of the worksheet. Students begin by changing the sentences on their worksheets into questions. Students then move around the classroom asking and answering their questions and completing their worksheets. When a student finds someone who answers positively to one of their questions, they write down that person's name and ask follow-up questions from the worksheet. They then move on to speak to another student. When everyone has finished, the teacher elicits which future form was used in each question and why. After that, the students give feedback to the rest of the class on what they found out about their classmates.

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