Sunday, 17 December 2017

Modal Verbs of Speculation and Deduction - ESL EFL Activities, Games and Worksheets

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Could be, Might be, Must be

ESL EFL Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 25 Minutes

In this fun group activity, students make deductions with could be, might be, can't be, and must be. In the activity, students play a guessing game where they make deductions and guess places from descriptions. The class is divided into groups of four (Student A, B, C and D) and each student is given a corresponding set of sentence cards. Student A begins by reading their first sentence to the group, e.g. 'Some people are walking and some are sitting down'. The other students in the group then make deductions about the place being described, e.g. 'It could be an airport'. Student A then reads out a second sentence and the other students continue to make deductions. This continues until they guess the place. Each clue gets progressively easier, so by clue 4 or 5 the students should know the place being described. Student B then reads their sentences to the group and so on. Afterwards, each group is divided into two pairs. Each pair thinks of a place and writes five clues to describe it. Pairs then read out their clues to the other pair. The other pair listens and makes deductions, trying to guess the place.

Could be, Might be, Must be.PDF  Exclusive 

 

What's the truth?

ESL EFL Listening and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 35 Minutes

In this enjoyable speaking activity, students play a game where they speculate the truth behind various situations using modal verbs of speculation. The class is divided into groups of four. Each group is given a set of situation cards and speculate cards. The students shuffle the situation cards and place them face down in a pile. The speculate cards are spread out face down. Students take it in turns to pick up a situation card, without showing it to anyone. The other students in the group then take a speculate card each. The student reads the situation on the card to the group, e.g. 'Your friend, Noah is always late to class'. The other students then begin a conversation where they speculate the truth behind the situation. The aim of the game is for the students to try to guess the truth about the person in the situation using the modal verb of speculation on their card. The student with the situation card listens to the conversation. When someone guesses the truth written on the card, the student stops the conversation and gives the person who guessed correctly the card. If no one manages to guess the correct answer, the students continue speculating until they run out of ideas. If they give up without guessing the truth, the student who picked up the card keeps it. Afterwards, the students put the speculate cards back on the desk face down and mix them up again. The game then continues with the next student picking up a situation card and so on. The student with the most situation cards at the end of the game wins.

What's the truth.PDF  Exclusive 

 

Who is it?

ESL EFL Reading, Listening and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 40 Minutes

This insightful worksheet activity helps students to practice past and present modal verbs of deduction. The students are divided into groups of three and each group is given a copy of the worksheet. The groups read each question on the worksheet, e.g. 'You see a classmate chatting on their phone. Who is it?' The students then use past and present modal verbs of deduction to discuss and answer the question. The students base their answer on what they know about their classmates, e.g. 'It could be Jin as he is always using his phone'. 'It might have been Ayumi because she loves chatting', etc. Each group then comes to a consensus and writes down the name of one student. When everyone has finished, the groups give their answers. The named people are asked if they agree that it could be or could have been them and if the justifications are valid. If they say yes, the groups that named the person score one point. The group with the most points at the end of the activity is the winner.

Who is it.PDF  Free 

 

 

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