Could be, Might be, Must be
ESL Modal Verbs of Deduction Activity - Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking - Pre-intermediate - 25 minutes
In this fun group activity, students make deductions with could be, might be, can't be, and must be. In the activity, students play a guessing game where they make deductions and guess places from descriptions. The class is divided into groups of four (Student A, B, C and D) and each student is given a corresponding set of sentence cards. Student A begins by reading their first sentence to the group, e.g. 'Some people are walking and some are sitting down'. The other students in the group then make deductions about the place being described, e.g. 'It could be an airport'. Student A then reads out a second sentence and the other students continue to make deductions. This continues until they guess the place. Each clue gets progressively easier, so by clue 4 or 5 the students should know the place being described. Student B then reads their sentences to the group and so on. Afterwards, each group is divided into two pairs. Each pair thinks of a place and writes five clues to describe it. Pairs then read out their clues to the other pair. The other pair listens and makes deductions, trying to guess the place.