Wednesday, 20 September 2017

Modal Verbs of Necessity - ESL EFL Activities, Games and Worksheets

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ESL EFL Writing and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 35 Minutes

In this productive teaching activity, students practice expressing past necessity by talking about the need for certain objects in different situations. The class is divided into pairs and each pair is given a copy of the worksheet. The students read each situation on their worksheet in turn and imagine that they went to the place mentioned, e.g. You went to English class. The worksheet also shows the things they took and didn’t take to each place. The students discuss whether they needed to take the objects with them or not. After they have discussed each object, the students write a sentence using needed to, didn’t need to, or needn't. Students also try to explain why, e.g. We needed to take a pen because we often write in our books. When everyone has finished discussing and writing their sentences, there is a class feedback session to go through the answers.

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ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 Minutes

This engaging activity gives students practice at talking about necessity using the modal verbs of necessity: must, mustn't and needn't. In the teaching activity, pairs of students are given a set of necessity cards and action cards. They spread out the two sets of cards, face down. The students take it in turns to turn over two cards, one from each set. The object of the game is to match one card from each set to make a meaningful sentence. If a player can make an appropriate sentence, they add a phrase to the sentence to justify the meaning. The player then keeps the two cards. The player with the most cards at the end of the game wins.

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Bare Necessity

ESL EFL Listening and Speaking Activity - Intermediate - 30 Minutes

In this fun class game, students guess activities by listening to statements expressing necessity. The class is divided into two teams. One player from each team comes to the front of the class. An activity card is shown to both players. Players then take it in turns to make a statement about the activity to their respective teams using necessity. Players can make statements talking about what a person needs to do in the activity or by stating what materials, equipment, or tools someone needs for the activity, e.g. You have to... You need a..., etc. Teams are allowed one guess after each statement given by their player. If a team guesses correctly on their first try, they get five points. On their second try, they get four points, and so on. When the activity has been correctly guessed, two new players come to the front of the class and so on. This continues until all the cards have been used. If both teams fail to guess the activity after five tries, a new round is started with two new players and a new card. The team with the most points at the end of the game wins. Alternatively, you can have the teams ask questions about the activity to their player using necessity.

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Necessary Skills

ESL EFL Speaking Activity - Intermediate - 30 Minutes

This activity helps students to practice talking about necessity using the phrases: have to, have got to, and need to. Each student is given an occupation card and a skills worksheet. The student’s task is to discover which classmate has which occupation by asking questions about the qualifications and skills necessary for each job. When the time is up, the student who has correctly identified the professions of the largest number of students wins.

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