Mixed Conditionals ESL Games, Worksheets and Activities

Conditional Completion

ESL Conditionals Activity - Grammar, Writing and Speaking: Sentence Completion, Discussion, Communicative Practice - Group Work - Intermediate (B1) - 30 minutes

This mixed conditionals discussion activity is perfect for reviewing zero, first, second and third conditionals. Working alone, students complete mixed conditional sentences on the worksheet with their own ideas. In groups, students then compare and discuss their answers. Afterwards, review the students' sentences and have the students tell the class what they found out about their classmates.
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Conditional Chains

ESL Mixed Conditionals Activity - Grammar and Writing: Writing Sentences from Prompts - Group Work - Intermediate (B1) - 25 minutes

In this mixed conditionals activity, students review the zero, first, second and third conditionals by writing chain sentences. In groups of four, students write a result clause for the first zero, first, second or third conditional sentence on their card and on the next line they write the result clause as an If clause. When the students have done this, they pass the card to the student on their right. The next student then repeats the process. This continues until the card is complete with eight conditional sentences in a chain. Afterwards, students read out their conditional chain sentences to the class.
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First vs. Second Conditional

ESL First vs. Second Conditional Worksheet - Grammar Exercises: Binary Choice, Gap-fill, Changing Word Forms, Rewriting Sentences, Sentence Completion - Intermediate (B1) - 30 minutes

This first vs. second conditional worksheet helps students learn and practice the second conditional, in contrast with the first conditional. To begin, students read statements made by different people and circle '1st' if the sentence is in the first conditional or '2nd' if it is in the second. Using that information, students then choose the sentence that is most likely true about each person. Next, students complete sentences using verbs in brackets in the first or second conditional, as appropriate for the situation. After that, students rewrite sentences, changing the first conditional into the second conditional. In the last exercise, students complete second conditional sentences with their own ideas.
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Make your Own Dominoes

ESL Conditionals Game - Grammar: Sentence Completion, Matching - Group Work - Intermediate (B1) - 30 minutes

In this mixed conditionals game, students review the zero, first, second and third conditionals by completing sentences and playing games of dominoes. In groups, students read and complete each conditional sentence with an If clause or main clause as indicated on the dominoes. Next, students cut the dominoes out and swap them with another group. Students then play dominoes with the first player trying to make a conditional sentence by placing a domino down either before or after the domino on the table. If the player can make a sentence, they read it to the group to show the match is correct. The next player then tries to put down one of their dominoes at either end of the domino chain and so on. The first player to get rid of all their dominoes wins the game.
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Mixed Conditional Cards

ESL Mixed Conditionals Game - Grammar, Writing and Speaking: Sentence Completion, Freer Practice - Group Work - Intermediate (B1) - 30 minutes

In this free conditionals game, students race each other to complete conditional sentences. In groups, students take it in turns to turn over a card and read the beginning of a conditional sentence aloud. The other students in the group then race to complete the ending of the conditional sentence. This could be done in written form with each student racing to write down an answer on a piece of paper, or you could have students shout out an ending to the sentence. The first student to produce a grammatically correct and appropriate conditional sentence keeps the card. The student with the most cards at the end of the game is the winner.
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Mixed Conditional Dominoes

ESL Conditionals Game - Grammar Game: Matching - Speaking Activity: Discussion, Communicative Practice - Group Work - Intermediate (B1) - 30 minutes

In this engaging mixed conditionals game, students play dominoes by matching halves of zero, first, second and third conditional sentences together. The first player tries to make a conditional sentence by placing one of their dominoes at either end of the first domino. The players' task is to make a conditional sentence by matching if and result clauses together. When a player makes a sentence, they read it to the group. The next player then tries to put down one of their dominoes at either end of the domino chain and so on. The first player to get rid of all their dominoes wins the game. When the students have finished, they discuss the sentences and say whether they are true for them or not, and if they agree or disagree with what each sentence says.
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Mixed Conditionals

ESL Mixed Conditionals Worksheet - Grammar Exercises: Error Correction, Gap-fill, Changing Word Forms, Unscrambling, Matching, Identifying, Sentence Completion - Intermediate (B1) - 35 minutes

Here is a conditionals worksheet to help students practice or review first, second and third conditionals. Students start with an exercise where they correct mistakes in first conditional sentences and rewrite them. Next, students do a gap-fill exercise where they complete second and third conditional sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Students then move on to put words in the correct order to make mixed conditional sentences. After that, students match beginnings and endings of mixed conditional sentences and then indicate which conditional is being used in each sentence. Finally, students complete mixed conditional sentences with their own ideas.
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Conditional Thoughts

ESL Mixed Conditional Questions Activity - Grammar and Speaking: Writing Short Answers, Asking and Answering Questions, Freer Practice - Pair Work - Upper-intermediate (B2) - 30 minutes

In this imaginative mixed conditionals activity, students practice asking and answering questions using different conditional structures. Working alone, students answer mixed conditional questions by writing short answers in squares on their worksheet. Next, students swap worksheets with a partner. Students then try to guess why their partner has written the answers in the squares by asking mixed conditional questions. Students also ask at least one follow-up question for each item. At the end of the activity, students report back to the class on the most interesting things they found out about their partner.
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Countdown

ESL Mixed Conditionals Board Game - Grammar and Speaking: Sentence Completion, Forming Sentences, Asking and Answering Questions, Freer Practice - Group Work - Upper-intermediate (B2) - 30 minutes

This free conditionals board game is perfect for reviewing the zero, first, second and third conditionals. In the game, students race to complete mixed conditional sentences and ask or answer conditional questions in a ten-second time frame. Students take it in turns to roll the dice and move their counter along the board. When a student lands on a square, they have ten seconds to make a conditional sentence using the clause in the square, or they ask or answer a conditional question. If a student can’t think of anything to say, makes a grammar mistake, or doesn't complete the task within ten seconds, they move back two squares. The first student to reach the finish wins the game.
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Mixed Conditional Battleships

ESL Mixed Conditionals Game - Grammar and Speaking: Forming Sentences from Prompts, Freer Practice - Pair Work - Upper-intermediate (B2) - 30 minutes

In this mixed conditionals game, students play battleships by making real and unreal past, present and future conditional sentences. First, students mark four ships on their grid. Students then take it in turns to choose a square on their partner's grid. However, instead of giving a grid reference to find a ship, the student makes a sentence according to the prompt and conditional form shown on each axis. The other student listens to the conditional sentence, looks at their ships grid and says whether it is a hit or miss. The first student to sink all their partner's ships wins the game.
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Second vs. Third Conditional

ESL Mixed Conditionals Worksheet - Grammar Exercises: Error Correction, Gap-fill, Sentence Completion Speaking: Asking and Answering Questions, Freer Practice - Pair Work - Upper-intermediate (B2) - 30 minutes

This second vs. third conditional worksheet helps students to distinguish between and practice using these two tenses. Students begin by reading second and third conditional sentence examples and underlining information about the two tenses. Next, students match second and third conditional sentence halves together and underline the correct tenses. Students then find and correct mistakes in second and third conditional sentences. After that, students complete each sentence with a verb from a box in its second or third conditional form. Lastly, students complete second and third conditional sentence pairs with their own answers and guesses about a partner. Students then ask their partner What would you do/have done if...? questions to find out if their guesses were correct.
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The Farmer and His Sons

ESL Conditionals Worksheet - Grammar, Reading and Writing Exercises: Matching, Ordering, Categorising, Writing Sentences - Pair Work - Upper-intermediate (B2) - 40 minutes

This mixed conditionals worksheet is based on an Aesop's Fables story. In the worksheet, students use the first, second and third conditionals in matching, reading, discussion and writing activities. Working alone, students match sentence halves together about the story. Following that, students write whether each sentence is in the first, second or third conditional and then use the mixed conditional sentences to write the order in which they think the events happened. Next, with a partner, students discuss what they know about the story from the sentences. Students then read the story to find out if their ideas were correct. After students have read the story, they go back to Exercise A and revise the sentence order if necessary. Students then write a possible moral for the story. Afterwards, students imagine that it's 10 years later and that each of the sons has half the farm. Students then write a first, second, and third conditional sentence each about the two sons.
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Under What Condition?

ESL Real Conditionals Activity - Grammar: Writing Sentences from Prompts, Writing Conditional Clauses, Guessing - Pair Work - Upper-intermediate (B2) - 35 minutes

In this real conditionals activity, students guess the circumstances in which a partner did, does or will do certain things using past, present and future real conditionals. To start, students write ten sentences about their past, present or expected future habits using phrases from a box and the appropriate verb tense, choosing habits that they sometimes did, do or will do under certain conditions. Next, in pairs, students exchange worksheets with their partner and then write conditional clauses explaining the circumstances in which they think their partner did, does or will do what they wrote. Finally, students read the complete conditional sentences to their partner to see if their guesses are correct and to discuss the actual circumstances.
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