# Mixed Conditionals ESL Games, Worksheets and Activities

### ESL First vs. Second Conditional Worksheet - Reading and Writing Exercises - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 30 minutes

This first vs second conditional worksheet helps students learn and practice the second conditional, in contrast with the first conditional. Give each student a copy of the two-page worksheet. Students begin by reading statements made by different people and circling '1st' if the sentence is in the first conditional or '2nd' if it is in the second conditional. Using that information, the students then choose the sentence that is most likely true about each person. Next, students complete sentences using the verbs in brackets in the first or second conditional, as appropriate for the situation. After that, students rewrite sentences, changing the first conditional into the second conditional. In the last exercise, students complete second conditional sentences with their own ideas. When the students have finished, review their sentences together as a class and provide feedback.

### ESL Mixed Conditionals Game - Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 20 minutes

In this entertaining mixed conditionals game, students make conditional sentences in a chain format. This game can be used to practice one conditional form, or it can be used to practice mixed conditional forms. The students sit in a circle. You say an 'if clause'. One student begins by repeating the 'if' clause and adding a result clause. The next student makes a new sentence by changing the first student’s result clause into an 'if' clause and adding a new result clause and so on. If a student cannot come up with a conditional sentence within a given time frame (e.g. ten seconds) or the student makes a mistake, they are out of the game. As an alternative, you can ask the other students if they want to challenge a sentence. If a student challenges a correct sentence, they are out. If a student challenges an incorrect sentence, the student who made the error is out. If no one challenges an incorrect sentence, you correct the mistake and the student who made the error stays in the game.

### ESL Mixed Conditionals Worksheet - Reading, Writing and Speaking Activity - Intermediate (B1) - 30 minutes

This mixed conditionals PDF worksheet and discussion activity is perfect for reviewing zero, first, second and third conditionals. Give each student a copy of the worksheet. Working alone, students complete the mixed conditional sentences on the worksheet with their own ideas. When everyone has finished, divide the students into groups of three or four. In their groups, students compare and discuss their answers. Afterwards, review the students' sentences and have the students tell the class what they found out about their classmates.

### ESL Mixed Conditionals Activity - Reading and Writing - Intermediate (B1) - 25 minutes

In this mixed conditionals activity, students review the zero, first, second and third conditionals by writing chain sentences. Divide the students into groups of four and give each student a zero, first, second or third conditional card. The students write a result clause for the first sentence on their card and on the next line they write the result clause as an 'If' clause. When the students have done this, they pass the card to the student on their right. The next student then repeats the process. This continues until the card is complete with eight conditional sentences in a chain. Afterwards, students read out their conditional chain sentences to the class.

### ESL Mixed Conditionals Game - Reading, Writing and Matching Activity - Intermediate (B1) - 30 minutes

In this mixed conditionals game, students review the zero, first, second and third conditionals by completing sentences and playing games of dominoes. Give each group of three a copy of the uncut worksheet. In their groups, the students read and complete each conditional sentence with an 'If' clause or main clause as indicated. When a group has finished, check their sentences. If the sentences are correct, the students cut the dominoes out as shown. When everyone is ready, the groups swap their dominoes with another group. The students shuffle the dominoes and deal out four each, leaving the rest in a pile face down. The students then turn over the top domino from the pile and place it face up on the table. The first player tries to make a conditional sentence by placing a domino down either before or after the domino on the table. If the player can make a sentence, they read it to the group to show the match is correct. The next player then tries to put down one of their dominoes at either end of the domino chain and so on. If a player cannot put down one of their dominoes, they take one from the top of the pile and put it down if they can. If there are no dominoes left in the pile, play passes to the next student. The first player to get rid of all their dominoes wins the game. The groups repeat the game several times using a different group's dominoes each time.

### ESL Mixed Conditionals Game - Writing or Speaking Activity - Intermediate (B1) - 30 minutes

In this free mixed conditionals game, students race each other to complete conditional sentences. Give each group of three or four a set of cards. The students shuffle the cards and place them face down in a pile on the table. One student begins by turning over the top card and reading the beginning of a conditional sentence aloud. The other students in the group then race to complete the ending of the conditional sentence. This could be done in written form with each student racing to write down an answer on a piece of paper, or you could have the students shout out an ending to the sentence. The first student to produce a grammatically correct and appropriate conditional sentence keeps the card. Then, the next student picks up a card and so on. The student with the most cards at the end of the game is the winner.

### ESL Mixed Conditionals Game - Reading, Matching and Speaking Activity - Intermediate (B1) - 30 minutes

In this engaging mixed conditionals activity, students play a game of dominoes by matching halves of zero, first, second and third conditional sentences together. Give each group of three a set of dominoes. The students shuffle the dominoes and deal out eight each, leaving the rest in a pile face down. The students then turn over the top domino from the pile and place it face up on the table. The players' task is to make mixed conditional sentences by matching 'if' and 'result' clauses together. The first player tries to make a conditional sentence by placing one of their dominoes at either end of the first domino. When a player makes a sentence, they read it to the group. The next player then tries to put down one of their dominoes at either end of the domino chain and so on. If a player cannot put down one of their dominoes, they take a domino from the pile and place it down if they can. If there are no more dominoes left in the pile, play passes to the next student. The first player to get rid of all their dominoes wins the game. When a student has won, the other players continue to put down their dominoes as when all the dominoes have been matched they form a loop. If a loop is not formed, then the students haven’t matched the dominoes correctly and they should look for their mistake. When the students have finished, they discuss the sentences and say whether they are true for them or not, and if they agree or disagree with what each sentence says.

### ESL Mixed Conditionals Worksheet - Reading, Matching and Writing Exercises - Intermediate (B1) - 35 minutes

Here is a mixed conditionals exercises PDF to help students practice or review first, second and third conditionals. Give each student a copy of the two-page worksheet. Students begin with an exercise where they correct mistakes in first conditional sentences and rewrite them. Next, students do a gap-fill exercise where they complete second and third conditional sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Students then move on to put words in the correct order to make mixed conditional sentences. After that, students match beginnings and endings of mixed conditional sentences and then indicate which conditional is being used in each sentence by writing 1st, 2nd, or 3rd in the spaces. Finally, students complete mixed conditional sentences with their own ideas. When the students have finished, review their sentences.

### ESL Mixed Conditional Questions Activity - Reading, Listening and Speaking - Upper-intermediate (B2) - 30 minutes

In this insightful conditionals activity, students practice asking and answering mixed conditional questions. Give each student a copy of the worksheet. Working alone, students answer mixed conditional questions by writing short answers in squares on their worksheet. When everyone has finished, the students swap worksheets with a partner. Students then try to guess why their partner has written the answers in the squares by asking mixed conditional questions. Students must also ask at least one follow-up question for each item. At the end of the activity, students report back to the class on the most interesting things they found out about their partner.

### ESL Mixed Conditionals Board Game - Reading, Listening and Speaking Activity - Upper-intermediate (B2) - 30 minutes

This free mixed conditionals board game is perfect for reviewing the zero, first, second and third conditionals. In the game, students race to complete mixed conditional sentences and ask or answer conditional questions in a ten-second time frame. Give each group of three or four a copy of the game board, a dice and counters. Students take it in turns to roll the dice and move their counter along the board. When a student lands on a square, they have ten seconds to make a conditional sentence using the clause in the square, or they ask or answer a conditional question. If a student can’t think of anything to say, makes a grammar mistake, or doesn't complete the task within ten seconds, they move back to their previous square. The first student to reach the finish wins the game. You can make the game easier or harder by changing the time limit. You could also have the students miss a turn instead of going back to their previous square if they don't complete the task.

### ESL Second vs. Third Conditional Worksheet - Reading and Writing Exercises - Upper-intermediate (B2) - 30 minutes

This second and third conditional worksheet helps students to distinguish between and practice using these two tenses. Give each student a copy of the two-page worksheet. The students begin by reading second and third conditional sentence examples and underlining information about the two tenses. Next, the students match second and third conditional sentence halves together and underline the correct tenses. The students then find and correct mistakes in second and third conditional sentences. After that, the students complete each sentence with a verb from the box in its second or third conditional form. Lastly, pair the students together. Working alone, the students complete second and third conditional sentence pairs with their own answers and guesses about their partner. The students then ask their partner 'What would you do/have done if...?' questions to find out if their guesses were correct.

### ESL Conditionals Worksheet - Reading, Writing, and Matching Activity - Upper-intermediate (B2) - 40 minutes

This printable mixed conditionals worksheet is based on an Aesop's Fables story. In the worksheet, students use the first, second and third conditionals in matching, reading, discussion and writing activities. Give each student a copy of the two-page worksheet. Working alone, the students match sentence halves together about the story. Following that, students write whether each sentence is in the first, second or third conditional and then use the mixed conditional sentences to write the order in which they think the events happened. Next, with a partner, students discuss what they know about the story from the sentences. Students then read the story to find out if their ideas were correct. After the students have read the story, they go back to Exercise A and revise the sentence order if necessary. Students then write a possible moral for the story. Afterwards, the students imagine that it's 10 years later and that each of the sons has half the farm. Students then write a first, second, and third conditional sentence each about the two sons. Finally, review the students' sentences together as a class.