Mixed Conditionals - Games, ESL Activities and Worksheets

Conditional Chain Game

ESL Mixed Conditionals Game - Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 20 minutes

In this entertaining mixed conditionals game, students make conditional sentences in a chain format. This game can be used to practice one particular conditional form, or it can be used to practice mixed conditional forms. The students sit in a circle. The teacher starts the game by saying an 'if clause'. One student begins by making a conditional sentence by repeating the 'if' clause and adding a result clause. The next student makes a new sentence by changing the first student’s result clause into an 'if' clause and adding a new result clause and so on. If a student cannot come up with a conditional sentence within a given time frame (e.g. ten seconds) or the student makes a mistake, they are out of the game. As an alternative, you can ask the other students if they want to challenge a sentence. If a student challenges a correct sentence, they are out. If a student challenges an incorrect sentence, the student who made the error is out. If no one challenges an incorrect sentence, you correct the mistake and the student who made the error stays in the game.
 

Conditional Dominoes

ESL Mixed Conditionals Game - Matching and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate - 30 minutes

In this engaging mixed conditionals activity, students play a game of dominoes by matching halves of zero, first, second and third conditional sentences together. Each group of three is given a set of dominoes. The students shuffle the dominoes and deal out five cards each. The remaining domino is placed face up on the table. The players' task is to make mixed conditional sentences by matching 'if' and 'result' clauses together. The first player tries to make a conditional sentence by placing one of their dominoes at either end of the first domino. When a player makes a sentence, they read it to the group. The next player then tries to put down one of their dominoes at either end of the domino chain and so on. If a player cannot put down one of their dominoes, play passes to the next student. The first player to get rid of all their dominoes wins the game. When a student has won, the other players continue to put down their dominoes as when all the dominoes have been matched they form a loop. If a loop is not formed, then the students haven’t matched the dominoes correctly and they should look for their mistake. When the students have finished, they discuss the sentences and say whether they are true for them or not, and if they agree or disagree with what each sentence says. 
 

Conditional Completion

ESL Mixed Conditionals Worksheet - Reading, Writing and Speaking Activity - Low intermediate - 30 minutes

This mixed conditionals worksheet activity is perfect for reviewing conditional forms. Each student is given a copy of the worksheet. Working alone, students complete the conditional sentences on the worksheet with their own ideas. When everyone has finished, the students are divided into groups of four. In their groups, students compare and discuss their answers. Afterwards, the students' sentences are reviewed and students tell the class what they found out about their classmates.
 

Make your own dominoes

ESL Mixed Conditionals Game - Reading, Writing and Matching Activity - Low intermediate - 30 minutes

In this mixed conditionals game, students review the zero, first, second and third conditionals by completing sentences and playing games of dominoes. The students are divided into groups of three and each group is given a copy of the uncut worksheet. In their groups, the students read and complete each conditional sentence with an 'If' clause or main clause as indicated. When a group has finished, their sentences are checked. If the sentences are correct, the students cut the dominoes out as shown. When everyone is ready, the groups swap their dominoes with another group. The students shuffle the dominoes and deal out four each, leaving the rest in a pile face down. The students then turn over the top domino from the pile and place it face up on the table. The first player tries to make a conditional sentence by placing a domino down either before or after the domino on the table. If the player can make a sentence, they read it to the group to show the match is correct. The next player then tries to put down one of their dominoes at either end of the domino chain and so on. If a player cannot put down one of their dominoes, they take one from the top of the pile and put it down if they can. If there are no dominoes left in the pile, play passes to the next student. The first player to get rid of all their dominoes wins the game. The groups repeat the game several times using a different group's dominoes each time.
 

Conditional Cards

ESL Mixed Conditionals Game - Writing and Speaking Activity - Intermediate - 30 minutes

In this fun mixed conditionals game, students race each other to complete conditional sentences. Each group is given a set of cards. The students shuffle the cards and place them face down in a pile on the table. One student begins by turning over the top card and reading the beginning of a conditional sentence aloud. The other students in the group then race to complete the ending of the conditional sentence. This could be done in written form with each student racing to write down an answer on a piece of paper, or you could have the students shout out an ending to the sentence. The first student to produce a grammatically correct and appropriate conditional sentence keeps the card. Then the next student picks up a card and so on. The student with the most cards at the end of the game is the winner.
 

Conditionals Review

ESL Mixed Conditionals Activity - Reading and Writing - Intermediate - 25 minutes

In this mixed conditionals activity, students review the zero, first, second and third conditionals by writing chain sentences. The class is split into groups of four and each student is given a zero, first, second or third conditional card. The students write a result clause for the first sentence on their card and on the next line they write the result clause as an 'If' clause. When the students have done this, they pass the card to the student on their right. The next student then repeats the process. This continues until the card is complete with eight conditional sentences in a chain. Afterwards, students read out their conditional chain sentences to the class and feedback is given.
 

Mixed Conditionals Worksheet

ESL Mixed Conditionals Worksheet - Reading and Writing Activity - Intermediate - 35 minutes

Here is a useful mixed conditionals worksheet to help students practice or review first, second and third conditionals. Each student is given a copy of the two-page worksheet. Students begin with an exercise where they correct mistakes in first conditional sentences and rewrite them. Next, students do a gap-fill exercise where they complete second and third conditional sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Students then move on to put words in the correct order to make mixed conditional sentences. After that, students match beginnings and endings of mixed conditional sentences and then indicate which conditional is being used in each sentence by writing 1st, 2nd, or 3rd in the spaces. Finally, students complete mixed conditional sentences with their own ideas. When the students have finished, their sentences are reviewed and feedback is given.
 

Conditional Thoughts

ESL Mixed Conditionals Activity - Reading, Writing and Speaking - Upper-intermediate - 30 minutes

In this imaginative mixed conditionals activity, students practice asking and answering questions using different conditional structures. Each student is given a worksheet. Working alone, students answer mixed conditional questions by writing short answers in squares on their worksheet. When everyone has finished, the students swap worksheets with a partner. Students then try to guess why their partner has written the answers in the squares by asking conditional questions. Students must also ask at least one follow-up question for each item. At the end of the activity, students report back to the class on the most interesting things they found out about their partner.
 

Countdown

ESL Mixed Conditionals Board Game - Reading and Speaking Activity - Upper-intermediate - 30 minutes

This captivating mixed conditionals game is perfect for reviewing the zero, first, second and third conditionals. In the game, students race to complete mixed conditional sentences and ask or answer conditional questions in a ten-second time frame. The students are divided into groups of three or four. Each group is given a copy of the game board, a dice and counters. Students take it in turns to roll the dice and move their counter along the board. When a student lands on a square, they have ten seconds to make a conditional sentence using the clause in the square or ask or answer a conditional question. If a student can’t think of anything to say, makes a grammar mistake, or doesn't complete the task within ten seconds, they move back to their previous square. The first student to reach the finish wins the game. You can make the game easier or harder by changing the time limit. You could also have the students miss a turn instead of going back to their previous square if they don't complete the task.
 

The Farmer and His Sons

ESL Mixed Conditionals Worksheet - Reading, Writing, and Matching Activity - Upper-intermediate - 40 minutes

This mixed conditionals worksheet activity is based on an Aesop's Fables story. In the worksheet, students use the first, second and third conditionals in matching, reading, discussion and writing activities. Each student is given a copy of the two-page worksheet. Working alone, the students match sentence halves together about the story. Following that, students write whether each sentence is in the first, second or third conditional and then use the mixed conditional sentences to write the order in which they think the events happened. Next, with a partner, students discuss what they know about the story from the sentences. Students then read the story to find out if their ideas were correct. After the students have read the story, they go back to Exercise A and revise the sentence order if necessary. Students then write a possible moral for the story. Afterwards, the students imagine that it's 10 years later and that each of the sons has half the farm. Students then write a first, second, and third conditional sentence each about the two sons. Finally, the students' sentences are reviewed together as a class and feedback is given.
 
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