Tuesday, 23 May 2017

Difficulties and Problems in Learning English

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Students can have various difficulties and problems in learning English. They can make different mistakes in English pronunciation, grammar, orthography and vocabulary usage. There is a connection between the native language of a learner and the particular difficulties in learning and using English, and the kind of mistakes a learner typically makes in English pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary as there is native language interference in learning and using English.

Listening comprehension and speaking in English are the skills generally more frequently used than reading and writing in daily living in an English speaking country. Listening comprehension and speaking in English are more difficult and more important for learners to master than reading and writing. When reading and writing a text a learner has more time for thinking and pauses than when listening and speaking in English in daily living.

An ESL/EFL learner can also look up unknown vocabulary in English dictionaries and use other English reference books when reading and writing a text in English, which is impossible when listening and speaking in English. Therefore, listening comprehension and speaking in English are more difficult than reading and writing. English vocabulary for daily living requires more time and is more difficult to master by foreign learners than English grammar.

Vocabulary is one of the most comprehensive and difficult aspects of English for foreign learners to master thoroughly. They should first concentrate on learning the most frequently used and therefore most important English vocabulary for their practical real life needs.

Multiple sense English words and synonyms (words with a similar meaning) present special difficulty for foreign learners. Other difficulties in learning and using English vocabulary include fixed word collocations, phrasal verbs, idioms, proverbs and regional differences in vocabulary usage. There are differences in English usage in English-speaking countries in terms of spelling, pronunciation, vocabulary and grammar.

English usage can also be formal and informal. Formal English is the language of the mass media, education, business, economy, commerce, technology, science, etc. Informal English includes colloquial, slang and dialect usage. It is harder for foreign learners to master informal than formal English vocabulary.

English synonym dictionaries combined with general English dictionaries are an excellent tool for intensively, comprehensively and logically mastering vocabulary for the needs of the learner in real life situations. Extensive reading on a variety of topics is another effective method for expanding English vocabulary knowledge by learners of English.

Written by Michael Shelby

Difficulties and Problems in Learning English.PDF

 

Comments  

#5 Kevin Delgado 2017-03-10 18:35
The best way to learn english is at the age of 4 because it's the time when childrens finally can gesticulate words and can learn the meaning of each one. I have been praticing this lenguage since the age of 6 and i consider that i'm in an medium - high level of this lenguage.
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#4 Andrea Zárate 2017-03-10 17:30
I think that English is very important for everyone, it is a universal language that must be well learned.
for me is difficult the vocabulary, structure of the tenses and the conjugation of verbs.
Andrea Zárate.
for me the most difficult of English is the order of words in sentences, pronunciation, and vocabulary.
English is an universal language and I don't like because I don't understand it very much
-Andrea Gálvez
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#3 Pao. Lupita. Fred 2017-03-10 17:11
For us learning English is not difficult if you have the right tools or weapons, or your massive effort but it can be difficult if you are'nt interested and also if you don't have a good pronunciation can avoid you to have a real conversation with people. Learning English grammar can be complicated because they are a lot of rules and you can get confused easily. But we think that English is a traditional language and that is important to learn.
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#2 Ed Zaplaski 2016-12-28 23:39
The best age to learn a language is from birth to 12.

After year 12, learners will have a harder time to listen and speak in English. The ear must be educated to the sounds of English.

This can normally be done in 2 months using specific listening programs.

And since listening and speaking go together, once the listening improves then the speaking also improves. Results show that once the ear can hear the sounds of English then person can communicate much better. After coaching sessions students can give conferences in English without a problem. East Asians and others have same problem with learning English.
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#1 Ed Zaplaski 2016-12-28 23:38
I have been teaching ESL students in Mexico City for over 20 years. Listening and speaking are the major stumbling blocks.

A student listens to English and Spanish differently and the Spanish ear has to be educated to listen to the sounds of English. Same thing happens for English learners of Spanish.

This problems manifests itself at the age of 12 and only gets worse.
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